Heart Sounds: “Life”

Episode 4

In this episode we look at “life,” the energy of the spiritual life. We explore its two fundamental dimensions and our need to grow in both of them.

https://anchor.fm/steve-harper1/episodes/Life-eur8d0

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Shepherd’s Care 2.0: The Call

I remember the morning it happened. A Sunday morning. Opening the door to my study, I found that an envelope had been slid under it. I opened it to find an unsigned, type-written letter that said essentially, “This church will be what it should be when you are no longer the pastor of it.” The message cut like a knife. This was not the first time in my ministry I had experienced opposition, but it was the first time I had received it in print!

I do not know a single pastor who has escaped criticism, and I have found they have received it in many ways—including death threats. Even sadder, a few clergy I know have been attacked physically. In some ways, opposition goes with the ministerial territory. In fact, Jesus told us to expect it (John 15:20). The question is, “What do we do when it happens?” Two things are important.

First, we need to search for the kernel of truth which may be in the opposition. Unless the criticism is downright mean (the kind usually expressed by dysfunctional people), there is something we can learn from it. We just have to calm down, take a breath, pause, and force ourselves to take another look at the hurtful thing. When we do, we often find a place to change, grow, or improve.

But second, and even more importantly, we must remember our calling. God’s call can be summed up in three words, “I want you.” When others do not want us, we must remember that God still does. When we face opposition, we must have a “cave of the heart” where we can find rest, refuge, and restoration. When we experience vitriol, we must embrace vocation. God may “uncall” us from being clergy and move us into other forms of ministry, but no human can “uncall” us. Remembering God’s “I want you” secures our ministry when it is opposed. It gives us a place to stand and hang on.

“I want you” is not only the way we keep from being conquered by criticism, it is also the means for avoiding the comparison trap. When people oppose their pastors, it’s usually because they hold a view of what “good ministry” is. The unsigned letter I received was based on some ideal that my critic felt I was not living up to. If we fall prey to this, we will not only be discouraged, we’ll be tempted to trade in our uniqueness for an image. But when God calls us into ministry, God does not clone us to be like some other minister. “I want you” means “YOU,” not someone else. The sacredness of our service lies in its specificity, not in a steteotype.

Over the decades of my ministry, I have asked myself (and sometimes asked God), “Why do I keep doing this?” Each time the Inner Voice answers, “Because a long time ago I asked you to do it.” Vocation. I am called. I am 73, and have been in a clergy-type ministry since 1963. So far, being called has been enough. I hope it is enough for you too.

[The “Shepherd’s Care 2.0” designation indicates these new posts connect to many former ones I’ve written since 2010. They are archived on the Oboedire home page. Give them a look. I’ve shared a lot about clergy wellness in them]

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Heart Sounds: “Spiritual”

Episode 3

The soul is like a diamond refracting the basic “colors” of the spiritual life. In this episode we look at the color “spiritual.”

https://anchor.fm/steve-harper1/episodes/Spiritual-euitli

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Heart Sounds: Living from the Heart

Episode 2

https://anchor.fm/steve-harper1

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Heart Sounds: Intro

I have been in discernment regarding whether or not to follow through on the suggestion of friends the past year or two: to begin a podcast.

I have decided to give it a try, and today “Heart Sounds” launches with its first episode (4:52). It is available on Spotify, with other platforms to be added soon. Here is the link…

I have also created a “Heart Sounds” facebook page to support the podcast in various ways. You can find, befriend, and follow it as you like.

“Heart Sounds” (as you’ll learn in the first episode) is a series that will explore the spiritual life from multiple vantage points. I hope you will find it to be helpful. Give it a listen.

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Holy Love: The Eunuch Revelation

In my book ‘Holy Love’ I offer an affirmative theology for LGBTQ+ people, and an advocacy for their full inclusion in the church. [1] In the book, I wrote a bit about eunuchs, but since then I have found the biblical message concerning them to be a key revelation for being an ally with LGBTQ+ people. This article is an expansion of what I wrote in the book.

We have a multiple-word vocabulary for talking about gender and sexual orientation. [2] The natural and behavioral sciences help us to recognize the nonbinary nature of our sexuality. Interestingly, the Bible recognizes it, not only in the first creation story [3], but also in the word eunuch. It was the catch-all word for people who were not male or female. Today, we would say people who are transgender or intersex. So, the fact is, Scripture confirms the reality of nonbinary sexuality, and that in itself is significant. But that’s only the beginning.

We move from general revelation into the teaching of Jesus, who referred to eunuchs in Matthew 19:12, noting that some of them are born that way. It’s another indication that people in Bible times knew about transgender and intersex persons. The fact that Jesus speaks about eunuchs in a positive way adds additional weight to the reality and worth of nonbinary persons. But where did Jesus get this positive regard? He got it from the Hebrew Bible, Isaiah 56:4-5, and these verses are what I am calling “the eunuch revelation”—the primary window through which we can look to see the full humanity (imago dei) of LGBTQ+ people and to advocate for their full inclusion in the Church. God, speaking through the prophet, tells us some important things about eunuchs, about nonbinary people.

First, they are not abnormal. They must not think of themselves as such, as a “dry tree.” They are not disordered in their nature. They are not aberrations in God’s design. They are fully human, existing along the spectrum between maleness and femaleness.

Second, they are included in the Covenant and can keep it like anyone else. They do not have to sublimate their sexuality (e.g. lifelong celibacy) or undergo “conversion therapy” into heterosexual maleness or femaleness. They are only asked to honor the Covenant like everyone else—ordering their sexuality to reflect sacredness, fidelity, permanency, and monogamy. [4] This means there is one standard for sexual morality, and all people can manifest it.

Third, they are honored. We erect monuments to those whom we esteem. Eunuchs are given monuments in the temple (religion) and on the city walls (society). Here’s an indication they had ecclesial and civil rights and were respected throughout the culture.

These three things are a lot to commend nonbinary people, but there is a fourth revelation which cinches the case for equality in human sexuality: they are given a name better than sons and daughters. Don’t miss the words “better than.” They are a game-changer, showing from Scripture that males (sons) and females (daughters) do not encompass the totality of sexuality.

We have to step outside of contemporary Christianity to grasp the significance of “better than.” We can understand it by looking at Native American cultures and their concept of two-spirit people. In most tribes, they were considered neither men nor women; they occupied a distinct, alternative gender status. They were seen as particularly spiritual, given they lived beyond binary sexuality. They were honored in the tribe, often serving as wisdom teachers and spiritual guides, and expressing themselves through the arts. They lived as both single and married persons, with the same rights and privileges as everyone else.[5]

This understanding of the nonbinary spectrum of human sexuality illustrates the biblical view. The imposition of binary views onto the scriptural text (increasingly by interpreting the Bible through the lens of European cultural norms) has caused us to misread the first creation story, to fail to see Jesus’ affirmation of nonbinary sexuality, and to overlook the revolutionary story that comes to us through the eunuch revelation.

But things are changing. A growing number of Christians who affirm the inspiration and authority of Scripture are using their hermeneutical skills to mine the passages regarding human sexuality, bringing from them the message summed up in Paul’s words, “Christ is all, and in all” (Colossians 3:11). The eunuch revelation is a pivotal piece of this message.

[1] Steve Harper, ‘Holy Love: A Biblical Theology for Human Sexuality’ (Abingdon Press,2019). I wrote an earlier book, ‘For the Sake of the Bride’ (Abingdon Press, 2014) that both announced my becoming an ally with LGBTQ+ people and proposed that the move into full inclusion would be a strengthening of the Church.

[2] Some articles offer eight orientation words and fifty gender diversity ones. Our vocabulary increases as our learnings advance.

[3] ‘Holy Love,’ 15-20.

[4] ‘Holy Love,’ 20-23

[5] “Two Spirit,” is an article on the Indian Health Service website. Related to this Sister José Hobday, a Franciscan sister who was also a Native American Seneca woman once told Matthew Fox, “People like myself who know our traditions before the white people came to our shores know that all the spiritual directors to our great chiefs were gay. We know that gay people bring more spirituality to a community than straight people do.” (Matthew Fox, Daily Meditations, 3/19/21). Her words further interpret the “better than’ name given to eunuchs in Isaiah 56.

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In-Sight: “Religious Evil”

Evil never advances better than when it “gets religion.” When it claims to “have the blessing of God” upon it, evil can justify whatever it says and does. Evil is never more insidious and dangerous than when it operates through a politician/priest collusion.

Israel was farthest away from God during the times when monarchs and ministers conspired to create a top-to-bottom system of oppression (e.g. Jeremiah 6:13-15). In Jesus’ day, evil religion was personified in the Pilate/Herod partnership that desecrated both synagogue and society, turning the Temple itself into a “den of thieves.”

After the close of the biblical era, history continued to document the advance of evil through political/religious deception. [1] The one-word summary for this is imperialism. [2] Today, we describe the advance of religious evil in the word nationalism. [3] Across two millennia, religious evil has produced what Dorothy Day called “the dirty rotten system.”

Religious evil is running roughshod in our country, in ways which can be observed since the founding of our nation. Religious evil has become increasingly toxic the past forty to fifty years. [4] It has raised its ugly head the past four years [5], and it was on full display at the CPAC event in Orlando this past weekend, with a less publicized but more extreme AFPAC event held in Orlando at the same time.

Religious evil has advanced to the extent that conservatives are naming it dangerous. In the March 1st edition of ‘The Bulwark,’ conservative leader William Kristol wrote, ““we are at the edge of crisis, having repulsed one attempted authoritarian power grab and bracing for another.” [6] He names it: an authoritarian power grab, and as always it is an insurrection claiming to have God on its side.

Religious evil creates two immediate mindsets that are powerful. First, the mindset of authority (which William Kristol noted above). Claiming to be “of God” religious evil operates with a king-of-the-hill hubris, behaving like “the chosen ones” (see footnote #2) sent on a mission by God to “save America” (in the current nationalist manifestation). And second, religious evil plays the victim when opposed. “We are being persecuted,” they allege, when the fact is they dwell in elitist social privilege. Taken together, religious evil marches on via its spirit of power and persecution, with a militaristic spirit that says, “We must fight to the death for God.”

Diagnosing religious evil is not enough, resisting it must be our unrelenting aim. The Bible summarized it as overcoming with good (Romans 12:21), and in the midst of religious evil, God raised up prophets in both the Old and New Testaments to envision and enact religious good called the kingdom of God.

The already/not-yet nature of the establishment of God’s reign on the earth means each generation must accept the invitation to be agents of restoration and renewal, until the kingdoms of this world become the kingdom of our Lord and his Christ (Revelatiin 11:15). We do this following the example of the prophets, Jesus being paramount among them. What does this look like?

First, it means leading with love. Love is the cardinal doctrine of every religion. It is the essence of the Gospel, and the fruit of the Spirit. In the presence of evil, it is tough love. [7] It is the kind of love that almost surely get us kicked out of some “clubs,” but it is a love which sets us free (Galatians 5:1) as we bid farewell to legalism and enter into life-giving relationships rooted in grace. [8]

Second, it means practicing nonviolence. There is too much here to name. Suffice it to say that we must educate/train ourselves in the life of peace and good. [9] We must personify nonviolent living and participate in movements which express it. We do this through direct involvement locally (“the kingdom of God is near”) and by supporting causes that extend beyond our locale.

Third, it means breaking the silence. We declare, “thus says the Lord,” engaging in the prophetic task of calling out evil, evoking godly sorrow, and calling forth a movement of good rooted in the vision of “the peaceable kingdom” [10] summarized biblically in the word shalom.

Fourth, it means dismantling hierarchies. In the Old Testament, the prophets did this through their advocacy of justice (equality, fairness, inclusion), and by teaching that we show compassion to the ‘anawim’ the “little ones” who were oppressed by the potentates and damaged by the demagogues. Jesus enacted the same by saying that it is as we care for “the least of these” that we live the way God intends for us to live (Matthew 25:40).

The early church deepened and widened this vision by eliminating distinctions of race and religion (Jew-Gentile), economics (slave-free), and gender (male-female), and then throwing the doors of the common good wide open by declaring “you are all one in Christ Jesus” (Galatians 3:28). [11] The ultimate flattening of hierarchies is found in Paul’s assertion, “Christ is in all” (Colossians 3:11).

Fifth, it means defeating evil rulers and authorities. In the context of Christianity this means first and foremost incarnating character and conduct that exceeds that of the hypocrites (Matthew 5:20). It moves on to include the use of reasoned debate to demonstrate the excellence of godliness. And then, it manifests itself in political action to remove leaders from office (at the federal, state, and local levels) who have fallen prey to religious evil and are using their positions to advance it.

These five engagements with religious evil do not exhaust the ways and means of resisting it. But they do show that our opposition must be comprehensive and continuous. Jesus called it “keeping watch” against evil (Mark 14:38), exercising vigil and maintaining resolve as we live into the promised future when “justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like an ever-flowing stream (Amos 5:24). The need to defeat religious evil is great, the time to do it is now, and the grace to do it has been given to us by God.

[1] Major examples include the Constantianian cooption of Christianity, the Holy Roman Empire, Manifest Destiny, and the Church’s support of Nazism. Each of these evils existed due to a political/religious alliance.

[2] Steven Howe’s book, ‘Empire’ provides a good overview of imperialism in history. Walter Brueggemann looks at the religious expressions in his article, “Ethics: the Codes of Chosenness” on the Lving Church website, 9/11/20.

[3] Andrew Whitehead and Samuel Perry, ‘Taking America Back for God: Christian Nationalism in the United States.’

[4] Kathleen Stewart, ‘The Power Worshippers: Inside the Dangerous Rise of Religious Nationalism.’

[5] Elizabeth Jennison, ‘The Long Road to White Christians’ Trumpism’ on the Religion and Politics website, 12/8/20.

[6] Heather Cox Richardson quoted Kristol in her eletter, 3/2/21.

[7] Martin Luther King’s book, ‘Strength to Love’ interfaces faith and society, showing the transforming nature of love. E. Stanley Jones’ book, ‘Christian Maturity’ is an extensive exploration of the life of love.

[8] I have written about this freedom in my latest book, ‘Life in Christ,’ using Paul’s letter to the Galatians as the biblical base.

[9] Begin by reading John Dear’s book, ‘The Nonviolent Life’ and then connect with the Pace e Bene movement for further inspiration and instruction.

[10] Walter Brueggemann, ‘Reality, Grief, and Hope: Three Urgent Prophetic Tasks.’

[11] Paul’s words in Galatians 3:28 were a repudiation of evil religion which had taken the form of a morning prayer in which males thanked God that they were not Gentiles, slaves, or women.

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At the Gate

Question: I am 66 years of age. I need to think more about living as an elder. What does this mean for you?

Response: I must begin by saying that I don’t think there is a one-size-fits all pattern for eldering. Like so much else we have to work it out “with reverence and experimentation.” [1] But neither are we adrift when it comes to becoming elders. I will use reverence and experimentation to offer a response to your question.

Reverence…. By this I mean that every stage of life is sacred. Abundant living does not have an expiration date; it exists in older adulthood as much as in any other phase of life. But as in all the other phases it takes on different forms and expressions when we ate older.

This means we become elders respecting the aging process and learning about it. We can learn from resources that describe human development as well as those which emphasize some aspect of it (e.g. psychological, spiritual, financial, social). At the end of this response I will list some of the books that have been helpul. Reverence for life in all its stages is what disposes us to live into elderhood with anticipation rather than anxiety. God is with us.

Experimentation…. By this I mean being willing to learn through trial and error, and also by using paradigms which others have found to be beneficial. The one I am currently exploring is the biblical metaphor of “sitting at the gate.”

“At the Gate”…. Elders do not disappear. We remain at the place where people come and go, but we are not coming and going as we once did. Elders remain engaged, but in a new way. We have a role, but it is a different role. At the gate, elders are still involved, but in a way different than before. To use the metaphor of Hebrews 12, we are no longer on the track running the race, but we are still in the stadium, in the great cloud of witnesses.

“Sitting”…. Elder posture is one of observation and conversation. Elders “stop, look, and listen,” and we practice what Eugene Peterson called “the ministry of small talk.” This is not insignificant talk; in fact, it is often strategic…and always pastoral. It is interaction with others arising from attentiveness more than from activity. It is responding more than initiating. I believe the main ingredient for this kind of interaction is encouragement. It is our turn to say (as hopefully others said to us in our younger days), “Don’t quit! You can do this.” At the gate or in the grandstand, we are cheerleaders.

When elders do this well, they serve the primary purpose of their life stage: to be providers of wisdom, which J. Philip Newell defines as “understanding enriched by experience.” Of course, wisdom is not the unique possession of elders, and not all old people are wise. But because elders bring a longer-lived experience to bear on things, hopefully their knowledge will be shaped by it. In that sense, elders are intended to be stewards of wisdom. Joan Chittister calls this “the gift of years.” It is a gift God calls elders to tend and offer.

I use the word ‘eldering’ as a way of indicating that living as an elder is a blend of action and process. We do the best we can in our stage of life to be helpful to those still “coming and going”—still running the race. And as we do so, we continue to learn how to do it better.

Here are a few of the books that have been useful to me in becoming an elder…

Joan Chittister, ‘The Gift of Years’

Emilie Griffin, ‘Souls in Full Sail’

Benedict Groeschel, ‘Spiritual Passages’

Rueben Job, ‘Living Fully, Dying Well

J. Philip Newell, ‘One Foot in Eden’

Parker J. Palmer, ‘On the Brink of Everything’

Paul Tournier, ‘Learn to Grow Old’

I have written a book about clergy retirement entitled, ‘Stepping Aside, Moving Ahead.’ It includes thoughts about eldering, many of which apply to us all, not just clergy.

[1] I paraphrase “fear and trembling” (Philippians 2:12) this way with respect to eldering

[If you have something you’d like me to respond to, use the Oboedire email to be in touch: oboediresite@gmail.com]

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In-Sight: January 2021

“A New Normal?”

Living in the pandemic for a little over a year, we find ourselves asking, “Will there be a new normal?”

As I have read articles in which the question is raised, it is an expression of anxiety, hope, and longing. I offer my response to the question from those three vantage points.

Anxiety….this is the place of fatigue. The past year has worn us out, not only through its sickness, sadness, and stress but also by its revelations of how low we can go individually and collectively. Our egotism and ethnocentrism has ridden roughshod throughout the land.

We have once again exposed the hard truth of how far we can go into inhumanity when we live in the flesh rather than the Spirit. We are naturally anxious in times like this, wondering if the underbelly of existence will persist.

When we ask, “Will there be a new normal?” in this regard, it is an indication of our fear. And as Henri Nouwen so often said, when we live in the house of fear, we must move into the house of love. [1] Anxiety is a means through which we hear God’s call to leave the “far country” and return home. If we do so, there will be a new normal.

Hope….this is the place of faith (Hebrews 11:1). Hope is not a polyanna positivity based in fancy; it is a considered confidence rooted in revelation. It is the conviction that God is with us (Immanuel), and that God’s presence is an active presence walking with us through our darkest valleys (Psalm 23:4).

Hope is not something rekindled as much as it is the thing which keeps the candle of faith from going out in the whirlwind. It is the conviction expressed in the hymn phrase, “though the wrong seems oft so strong, God is the ruler yet.” [2]

When we ask, “Will there be a new normal?” in this regard, it is an indication of our trust. Hope is our way of telling ourselves and others that we are not defined by circumstances, but by principles, two of which are that the arc of the universe bends toward justice [3], and that light is is the primal element for life. In our hope we choose light. [4]

Longing….this is the place of resolve. Longing includes our wishing but goes beyond it to willing. Longing is desire that’s decisive. Longing means we are committed to enacting what we envision.

When I think of the place of the will in spiritual formation, I remember Dallas Willard, who emphasized the importance of willfulness in the spiritual life. [5] Longing is the way we remind ourselves that renewal is never automatic. We must respond to grace. In the words of St. Francis, we must pray to be instruments of God’s peace.

When we ask, “Will there be a new normal?” in this regard, it is an indication of our involvement. We are co-creators with God in the creation of a new normal. As John Wesley put it, “Without God, we cannot; without us, God will not.”

So….will there be a new normal? That is a question yet to be answered so far as the extent of it is concerned. But when we ask it in the contexts of anxiety, hope, and longing the answer is, “Yes.” There will be a new normal when and where love, trust, and resolve prevail.

[1] Nouwen’s ‘The Return of the Prodigal Son’ is a good place to see this movement. He also describes it well in ‘The Inner Voice of Love.’

[2] Hymn, “This is My Father’s World.”

[3] I attribute this phrase to Martin Luther King Jr., but I am not sure it is original with him.

[4] Paul Chilcote and I have co-authored, ‘Living Hope’ as a resource for recovering it in our day.

[5] The Dallas Willard Institute is the means to explore his thinking in more detail, not only about the importance of the will but also its place in the larger process of spiritual formation.

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An Ending

Four years ago, I ended Oboedire. I had the sense that it had run its course. I honored that sense, even though I reactivated it ten months later as we moved into a time of national turmoil, bringing a more prophetic dimension to my posts. The focus on social holiness these past four years has been formative for me, and I hope helpful to you.

I now find myself at another transition place, and I am going to honor it as I did at the end of 2016. Oboedire will remain an active site, but the purpose is changing. I will write responses to your inquiries rather than initiate posts arising from my thoughts.

I am an elder (older adult), and I want Oboedire to reflect that. Elders “sit at the gate,” engaging in what Eugene Peterson called the ministry of small-talk. Elders listen more and talk less. They are not runners; they are encouragers of those still on the track. I want to use Oboedire that way. The new series will be entitled, “At the Gate ”

So, moving forward, I will write in response to things I hear from you. You can be in touch via the Oboedire email (oboediresite@gmail.com). I’ll respond to you as I am able, and from time to time I’ll take an inquiry and write a response post for the larger Oboedire readership. I will always keep the identity of the inquirer confidential when I write a post.

I am also ending the ad-free feature of the Oboedire site since it will not be as active, and that means you will use a new access address if you search for it on the web: oboedire.wordpress.com. If you subscribe to Oboedire, you will continue to receive posts automatically.

The January “In-Sight” will post tomorrow, and then only appear occasionally.

Some of you have been part of the Oboedire journey from the beginning 10.5 years ago. Others of you are recent companions. Thanks to all of you.

I pray that the new yeat will be a path of restoration and renewal for you. We are in need of recovery on many levels. I write about that in the January “In-Sight” which posts tomorrow.

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Day One: December 2020

This month’s “Day One” post comes after the “In-Sight” post because I wanted the December “In-Sight” to be about Advent. So, I posted it on November 28th. If you have not seen it, it’s the one immediately before this one on the Oboedire home page.

This “Day One” post has not been easy to write. There is so much going on it’s difficult to focus. But I come to the first of December with a mixture of concern and hope. That’s probably the way we live all the time, but given the way things are right now, the duality is more obvious.
My concern is that the pandemic, the election, and other things reveal how divided we are.

There has never been a time when we had no differences. But right now, our differences have become wedges driven between us. I am caught up in this as much as anyone else, and here on the first of December I am at a loss to know how to change things.

Putting this concern into theological language, I would say we are a people in need of wisdom. Our knowledge is insufficient, with too much of it driven by the superficiality of social media commentary and too much of it contaminated by fake information. We have become people too prone to believe lies…and pass them on.

Donald Trump is the national example of this (one both Republicans and Democrats are increasingly acknowledging) with a self so broken that he has to create a fantasy land to sustain it. There is nothing sadder than only being able to survive by lying. Watching him, we clearly see that living apart from truth is dangerous. Falsehood leads to delusion and to divisiveness. Falasehood creates madness. Donald Trump is a madman.

Our day cries out for wisdom—that is, truth discovered by discernment and disseminated through maturity. I am concerned that we lack wisdom.

But at the very point where I am concerned, I am also hopeful. For in the midst of our need, I see a people rising—people honest enough to confess that “business as usual” is not working, and that the status quo, turned sacred cow, is not a state to be continued. I am hopeful because a growing number of people are “done” with perpetuating things that hamper and harm life, and are now “asking, seeking, and knocking” for something more. This song from Les Miserables describes the stirring of the human spirit taking place,

“Do you hear the people sing?
Say, do you hear the distant drums?
It is the future that they bring
When tomorrow comes!

Will you join in our crusade?
Who do you hear the people sing
Lost in the valley of the night?
It is the music of a people
Who are climbing to the light.

For the wretched of the earth
There is a flame that never dies.
Even the darkest night will end
And the sun will rise.

They will live again in freedom
In the garden of the Lord.
They will walk behind the plough-share,
They will put away the sword.
The chain will be broken
And all men will have their reward.

Will you join in our crusade?
Who will be strong and stand with me?
Somewhere beyond the barricade
Is there a world you long to see?

Will you be strong and stand with me?
Somewhere beyond the barricade
Is there a world you long to see?

Do you hear the people sing?
Say, do you hear the distant drums?
It is the future that they bring
When tomorrow comes…

Tomorrow comes!” [1]

History knows times like this, times when change is not only needed, but times when it comes. It is what Isaiah called God doing a new thing (Isaiah 43:19). It is the moment when people catch the vision of what God is up to and enlist themselves to be instruments through whom the Spirit can work to bring it to pass. It is moving forward, putting our hands to the plow of transformation, and not looking back. It is a time when we cross the bridge of confidence, moving away from being imprisoned by lies to being guided by truth. It is a time inspired by hope.

This is the time I see dawning today, December 1, 2020. I want to be part of it, and help bring it to pass. I imagine that you do too.

[1] “Freedom Song” (Finale), Les Miserables

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In-Sight: Don’t Hold Back

I am posting this a week early to connect with the Advent Season…

Whatever else Advent is, it is an annual season in the Christian Year that invites us to make a fresh start. All four readings contain the keynote of restoration in one way or another, especially the two Old Testament lessons. [1]

I doubt there is anything we want right now more than a deep rest that is restorative. We are tired and worn out due to a host of things, many of which have stalked our trail for months (or years), and some of which continue to do so. As someone I read recently put it, “2020 has been a hard decade.” I feel it too, even inside the bubble of privilege. So many others have faced (and still face) things far beyond anything I have had to endure. This one has gotten us all.

In the midst of everything, Advent plops into our lives as Christians. It comes to us with the promise of newness when we are still in a soul-draining oldness. It comes with an offer of life when so much of the world is coping with death. Honestly, I am not sure how to engage with the message of Advent in a way that’s renewing. I ‘m floundering.

But as I make this confession, it returns to me as a question, “When have you ever entered Advent with everything in good shape? Aren’t you always floundering in some way?” When I allow the question to soak in, I recognize that Advent 2020 is essentially the same as always, the opportunity for those of us who sit in darkness to see a great light (Isaiah 9:2).

Boy, do I need to do that this year! But in truth I need it every time the beginning of the Christian Year rolls around. The reading from Isaiah this year, offers us some guidance for making a fresh start in Advent. I sense it in the words, “Don’t hold back.” These words were used in Isaiah 63:15 to implore God to take decisive action. Isaiah 64 continues the sentiment, with a bent toward a comparable decisiveness on our part. We must not hold back when we ask God not to hold back. Today’s lesson guides us in not holding back.

First, we must not hold back in praying our desires. The text from Isaiah begins, “O that you would tear open the heavens and come down, so that the mountains would quake at your presence (64:1). Eugene Peterson amplifies this desire in The Message, “Oh, that you would rip open the heavens and descend.” Yes, that’s it! God, let ‘er rip! We need a big dose of help–help strong enough to move the mountains of “stuff” inside us and around us—individually, nationally, globally.

This Advent we must sing, “Lord listen to your children praying….Send us love. Send us power. Send us grace.” And send it in truck loads!

Second, we must not hold back in confessing our sins. Isaiah put it this way, “We have all become like one who is unclean, and all our righteous deeds are like a filthy cloth. We all fade like a leaf, and our iniquities, like the wind, take us away. There is no one who calls on your name, or attempts to take hold of you” (64:6-7).

Whatever else 2020 has revealed, it has shown in spades that we have made ourselves gods. We have followed false messiahs. We have worshipped at the altar of “No One Can Tell Me What I Can and Cannot Do.” We have made golden calves (sacred cows) and substituted them for God. We have sold our souls to the satans (deceivers) of partisanship and supremacy. “Lord, have mercy, Christ have mercy!”

This Advent we must pray, “Thy kingdom come” with a broken and contrite heart that says, “My kingdom go. You’re God; I’m not.” [2]

And third, we must not hold back in trusting God. Isaiah declared, “Yet, O LORD, you are our Father; we are the clay, and you are our potter; we are all the work of your hand” (64:8). Notice that this is not abstract trust, it is hands-on trust. We are the child. God is the parent. God is at work on us. The restoration we need comes by God’s action and our willingness to be acted upon.

This Advent we must sing, “Mold me and make me after thy will, while I am waiting, yielded and still.”

The fresh start of Advent is summed up in one word: Emmanuel—”God with us.” We are not left to face our perils alone. God is acting. Aslan is on the move. God has heard our desire, received our confession, and accepted our trust. We enter Advent, Eugene Peterson says, “based on the certainty that God is coming.” [3] Oh, yes!

[1] Isaiah 64:1-9; Psalm 80:1-7, 17-19; 1 Corinthians 1:3-9; Mark 13:34-37.

[2] This is a prayer conjoining the sentiments of Father Richard Rohr and Rabbi Lawrence Kushner.

[3] ‘The Message Devotional Bible,’ Peterson’s comment after Isaiah 64:8.

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In-Sight: Expansive Living

I never thought that a song I learned in Vacation Bible School nearly seventy years ago would be one that can take us where we need to go today, but it is. “Deep and Wide” is about as good as it gets for singing about the expansive life God is calling us to live as we move out of our little-story fortresses. and Into Big Story freedom (Galatians 5:1). Making this move is the great need of our time. We must be expansive people. Jesus called it abundant living.

I call it being an expansive person because our “future and hope” (Jeremiah 29:11) will be shaped by those who are deep…and…wide. The key word is ‘and,’—the rejection of either/or thinking by replacing it with both/and thinking. Dualistic thinking helps us differentiate, but when it divides, it must be abandoned. Our age has devolved onto darkness because we have done the opposite of what Isaiah said we must do in order to be the people God intends for us to be. Instead of turning our swords onto plows (Isaiah 2:4), we have turned our plows into swords, with a global military-industrial complex that threatens our existence. Our partisanships have become poisons.

The need is not either/or…either becoming deeper or wider. Yet, that is what many people are choosing. ‘Deeper life” people are bunkering, separating themselves from others. “Wider life” people are abandoning, leaving specific religious identities behind in favor of amorphous spiritualties. Neither option will take us where we need to go. If our future is to be godly, it will be shaped by expansive people, people who are deep…and…wide.

Years ago, Jurgen Moltmann cast the vision for expansive living in his book, ‘The Way of Jesus Christ.’ [1] But most people never read it. Neither did I until recently. It is high-powered theology, and that kind of writing does not attract a wide audience, even though it should. Now that I have read it, I see that Moltmann is God’s prophet (among others) trying to get us to stop building walls and start building bridges. He is a Big Story person.

But even before him there were others calling us to get out of the boxes which little-story living creates. E. Stanley Jones did it in his book, ‘The Way.’ [2] I am grateful that I read it decades ago, even though it has only borne the fruit in me that it should have in the past few years. Taking Jones and Moltmann together, I describe expansive living this way..

Deep….the first step into expansive living is to go deeply onto your particular faith tradition. This is paradox, but it is true. We first go down, and then we can go up. The way to become an expansive person is to become a devoted person. Both Jones and Moltmann personify deep Christian commitment. This is where we begin (if we are Christian) on the way to expansive living. This is precisely what people like the Dalai Lama are saying outside of Christianity: be the best Hindu, Buddhist, Jew, Taoist, Muslim, etc. that you can be. [3] Dig your well deeply, and drink from it profusely. When we dig deeply into our faith we are not only enriched it, we also come to see that our chosen faith is part of something larger. Paradoxically, it is in the depth of our faith where we discover its breadth.

We draw the water from our well with our bucket, but we recognize that the water does not originate in the well. And that brings us to the second feature of expansive living…

Wide…the movement into breadth is natural. It is the discovery that the water coming out of our well is coming from something beyond the water in the well itself. And more, the water I take out bucket by bucket is replenished from that larger source.

Beneath every well there is an aquifer. We get our taste for God and the spiritual life from our particular well, but we get our reverence (the sense of wonder) from our recognition that the well is part of the Source from which everyone drinks. [4] Without this wider sense, reverence can turn arrogant, and we can act as if our drink is the whole of Water.

Another image of wideness is light. In the first creation story (Genesis 1:1—2:4), we note the first word of God: “Let there be light.” It goes everywhere, reaching and influencing everyone and everything. This light is the giver of life and the bearer of love. [5]

As I write this, light is coming through the windows of our house. It is the light that illuminates me and my surroundings. But it is only a part of an exponentially greater Light. My light is from Light.

Images of water and light communicate the depth and breadth of faith, which in turn forms the deep-and-wide life.

When we bring the ideas of depth and breadth together and describe it in Christian language, the single word for this expansive experience is Christ. Christ is the depth and breadth. Christ is the water of life (John 5:13) and the light of the world (John 8:12). To use Richard Rohr’s phrase, Christ is the Christian word for everything. [6] It is what Paul was declaring when he wrote, “Christ is all and in all” (Colossiansn3:11).

E. Stanley Jones made the same point through his teaching about the excarnate Christ. [7] For him, the excarnate Christ is none other than the eternal second person of the Holy Trinity, the one through whom all things were made (John 1:3). As the Word made flesh (John 1:14), Jesus personified the expansive life and offered it to us (John 10:10). In the Book of Revelation the excarnate Christ says it clearly, “I am the Alpha and the Omega” (1:8).

Returning to the image of the well, the expansive life reveals that life in Christ is not drinking well water (i.e. water from one place), it is drinking the Water of Life (i.e. water from every place). Returning to the image of light, the expansive life shows that as Christ lights my path, he simultaneously illuminates everyone’s path. The world receives its light from many lamps, each of which is from Christ, the light that illuminates everyone (John 1:9).

In following Christ, we follow the One who leads us into the depth and breadth we must have if we are to live as God intends and act in ways that overcome evil with good. God’s call is to live deep… and… wide—to be Water people, not just well people–to be Light people, not lamp people.

One of my spiritual formation joys these days is finding Christ beyond Christianity. As E. Stanley Jones put it, Christ is in every cell, nerve, tissue, fiber, and blood stream of our being, “written into the total organization of our life.” [8] Over and over I find myself exclaiming “Wow! There you are!” And in response, he says, “Of course, before Abraham was, I AM. I am the maker of all things. I am the Alpha and Omega (John 8:58 John 1:3, Revelation 1:8). Christ is the Absolute deep-and-wide person, and following him, I experience expansive living.

I have written at length today, because I believe becoming expansive people is the great need of our day. Our partisanships are poisoning us. Our divisions are destroying us. Our silos are suffocating us. We must transcend them and recover life together. We must restore our common humanity. It takes deep-and-wide people for this to happen.

This kind of life does not happen accidentally. We must give ourselves to it. It is what Paul referred to as training ourselves in all godliness (1Timothy 4:7 NRSV). Note the word ‘all.’ Godliness has to do with all of life, not just the “religious” part.

I believe the coming days are going to require us to live expansively. Our challenges will demand life beyond business as usual. There are some things we must not return to. There are recoveries we must make. More than anything else, there are new discoveries to be made. The life we need to sustain us is “fresh water” coming from the aquifer and “new light” coming from the sun. This is deep-and-wide living, creating the pervasive oneness captured in the words, “In God we live, move, and exist” (Acts 17:28). [9]

As difficult as these days are, I believe it is a time of hope. Walt Whitman’s words capture how I feel, “Be not discouraged, keep on, there are divine things well enveloped. I swear to you there are divine things more beautiful than words can tell.” [10] God is doing a new thing. God is raising up deep-and-wide people. God is inviting each of us to be one of them.

[1] Jurgen Moltmann, ‘The Way of Jesus Christ’ (Fortress Press, 1993).

[2] E. Stanley Jones, ‘The Way’ (Abingdon Press, 1946).

[3] Mary Craig, ed., ‘The Pocket Dalai Lama’ (Shambala, 2002), 17-33.

[4] This Source is often referred to as the Perennial Tradition. I recommend Bede Griffith’s book, ‘Universal Wisdom’ (the introduction) as a good overview of the Perennial Tradition.

[5] John Philip Newell, ‘The Book of Creation’ (Paulist Press, 1999), chapter 2.

[6] Richard Rohr, ‘The Universal Christ’ (Convergent Books, 2019), 5.

[7] E. Stanley Jones, ‘The Way,’ Sunday, Week 50….and….’Mastery,’ Wednesday, Week 25. Abingdon Press has republished this book on paperback and ebook formats.

[8] E. Stanley Jones, ‘Abundant Living’ (Whitmore & Stone, 1942), Week Two, Wednesday. Abingdon Press has republished this book in paperback and ebook formats.

[9] After I wrote this post, I came upon the final words Father Thomas Keating spoke shortly before he died. He awoke briefly from a coma to share them. They are about deep-and-wide living. I want you to know about them. They are found on YouTube in a 2.5 minute audio entitled, “Fr. Thomas Keating’s Last Oracle.”

[10] The Daily Good e-letter, October 26, 2020.

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Day One: November 2020

Welcome to November! Our Golden Rain trees are aglow in our back yard with a deep amber that shouts, “Fall is here!” Photos from other parts of the country tell a similar story.

I’m guessing you are on pins and needles, waiting for election results. And while waiting, we are praying for peace to prevail through it all. Beyond the political arena, we continue to live in the shadow of the increasing pandemic with its darker and longer shadows.

In the midst of our challenges I’ve lost count of the number of times I have read or heard the question, “Will there be a new normal emerging out of all this?” I think there will be, and I expect it will manifest itself in all sorts of ways. I hope it does. In saying this, however, I prefer to describe my hope the way Steven Charleston does, as a time needing a deep change. [1] The word “normal” even when modified by the word “new” is not strong enough to describe what the future needs to be.

When I ask the question from a spiritual formation vantage point, one thing is clear: however we describe the future, it will not be accidental or automatic. It will emerge as acts of the will by people who refuse to go back to business as usual.

From a spiritual formation standpoint, the question is, “Will we be a new people, a changed people?” Richard Foster offers us the pathway for change in a formative paradigm: vision, intention, and means. [2] That is, if we have a vision (desire) for change, we must have the intention (will) to bring it to pass, using the means (disciplines) best suited to its fulfillment.

I think this means learning how to live expansively—that is, to live a life that is simultaneously deep and wide. I believe it is what Jesus called abundant living—what he said he came to give (John 10:10). It requires us to cease living within the confines of our many little stories, and become Big Story people. I will use the November “In-Sight” to say more about this. It posts next Saturday.

Before closing, I would remind you that I have been writing here on Oboedire since July 2010. Over the years I have written on a variety of topics. You can find these in the “Categories” list on the home page. Some of them have been extended explorations. I have identified them in the “Major Series” icon, also on the home page. One of the things I like about the site is that everything I write is archived rather than getting lost in a social media news feed.

Most of all, I hope you are doing well in the midst of these crazy and challenging times. I hope Oboedire contributes to that in some way. Despite all our dilemmas, I say with John Wesley, “The best of all is, God is with us!”

[1] I hope you follow his daily meditations on his Facebook page.

[2] This threefold paradigm is described in detail in the introduction to the ‘Life With God Bible,’ (HarperOne, 2005). It is a major resource for the Renovaré spiritual formation ministry.

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Merton’s Prayers: On the ITMS Group Page

The “Merton’s Prayers” series will now post only on the International Thomas Merton Society Group Page on Facebook.

I really want you to find the reflections there, in the midst of a rich feast of other writings with respect to Thomas Merton.

You may want to become an ITMS member and receive even more benefits from this excellent ministry. The ‘Merton Seasonal’ (4 times a year) and the ‘Merton Annual’ explore the life and legacy of Thomas Merton from many angles. These publications come to you through the mail when you become a member.

And remember, you can always go to the ITMS group page and search “Merton’s Prayers” to see the unfolding series in and of itself. It began on October 5th and will continue as I explore the prayers in Merton’s journals.

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Merton’s Prayers: January 16, 1941

More than a year has passed since Merton included a prayer in his journal. But I must emphasize that the intervening months contain ample evidence of his prayerful life, largely shaped by Roman Catholic liturgy and the liturgical calendar. Merton is praying and writing about prayer during this time. And I would go on to add my sense that Merton’s journal keeping was a form of prayer for him—what we sometimes call “praying your life.”

But then….on January 16th, Merton’s journal explodes with prayers and related reflections, based on his reading of Saint Anselm’s ‘Proslogion,’ a consideration of God’s attributes written in a prayerful style. He does not say what prompted the reading, he only shares the fruit of it. This is a rich day of prayer for Merton. It will take a number of posts to harvest that fruit. Here is the first entry—one that shows the meditative flow from thinking into praying,

“Now, little man, turn away a little from your cares, hide a bit from your anxious thoughts. Lay down your burdensome concerns, and put aside your worries. Give a little time to God, and rest a short time in him. Enter into the cell of your mind, exclude everything but God, and that which helps you to seek him, and, with your door closed, seek him. Say now, sincerely, to God: I seek your face, your face I seek, O Lord. (Psalms 26.8) Now, I ask you, Lord, my God, teach my heart where and how it might seek you, where and how it might find you. Lord, if you are not here, but absent, then where shall I seek you? If you really are everywhere, then why don’t I see you here? But surely you live in inaccessible light.“ [1]

In this reflection-prayer, we see how prayer brings the singular devotion we need as we seek to find and follow God’s will. Prayer is the means of grace by which we enact Jesus’ invitation to “ask (inquire), seek (explore), and knock (enter into) with respect to our lives. In this prayer, we learn that our questions are often the means to reveal God’s will for us. Questions asked in prayer are not dead-end streets, they are doorways to discovery. This kind of praying does not always provide “an answer,” but it does sustain our relationship with God and keeps the conversation going.

[1] Thomas Merton, ‘Run to the Mountain: The Story of Vocation’ (HarperCollins, 1995). By referencing the date, you can find the prayer in any version of the journal you have.

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Along the Way: Originalism

​Once again the concept of Originalism is being heard in the land. It is essentially a legal hermeneutic which says a contemporary law must express the intent of “the founding fathers” around the year 1789. The late Supreme Court justice Antonin Scalia was the most outspoken adherent of that view. In a speech to the Federalist Society he alleged “there is no way we can know what each other thinks and agrees to besides attributing an objective meaning to words that people state when they write them down.” [1]

I am tempted to dive into his statement and note the “no way we can know….” hyperbole that skews his view from the outset. But that is not the point of this post, so I let it go—but not without pointing it out. My intention is to reveal the flawed methodology of Originalism.

Originalism is part of an interpretive (hermeneutical) process generally known as inductive reasoning or inductive methodology. I taught the method in a seminary course, and I have used it for fifty years. The problem with Originalism is not that it is inductive, but that it is not inductive enough. To explain what I mean, I must provide you with a brief summary of the methodology. [2]

Inductive reasoning employs five steps: observation, interpretation, correlation, evaluation, and application. The first step of observation means paying close attention to the text in order to determine its original meaning. Obviously, Originalism does this. So far, so good. 

The problem is, Originalism stops there. That is, when the “original meaning” is determined, it is transferred to the framing of a contemporary law with the belief that what a law originally meant is what it must mean now. [3] The problem with Originalism is that it does not utilize the other four steps of inductive reasoning. It “freezes” one meaning in time, a past time from long ago, and then seeks to thaw it out in the present moment.

The other four steps of the inductive method intentionally prevent the impositional approach (i.e. “now must be like then”) and keeps the discernment of truth more dynamic. For inductive reasoning to be complete, the other steps must follow observation.

The second step of interpretation moves observation into the realm of viable options, recognizing that between the time something was written and today, other committed and credible people have produced a variety of thoughts on the given subject. Between then and now there has not been silence, there has been sound—and the sound is not “noise,” it is insightful. Views between then and now are not deceptive, they arose from the same kind of devotion we are trying to have now. Interpretation (in biblical theology) keeps alive the idea of progressive revelation. It preserves an evolutionary sense of history.

The third step of correlation adds contemporary interdisciplinary knowledge to the process. We ask, “What are the current disciplines of theology, sociology, psychology, law, biology, medicine, physics, cosmology, etc. telling us?” These too are not judged to be irrelevant or misleading, but rather contributive to the collective wisdom needed to make good decisions today. Correlation means respecting expertise, listening to relevant voices and learning from them.

The fourth step of evaluation means bringing alignment between the first three steps as much as is possible. For example, in biblical study, how do we align the sacrificial system of Leviticus with the teaching of the Book of Hebrews that this system is set aside in the New Covenant?  Evaluation asks, “What is the overarching message?” In the case of this example, it means finding a way in the present to demonstrate our devotion to God. People in Old Testament and New Testament times did it differently, but both were expressing their faith. This does not eliminate either passage per se, rather it brings them together into a workable synthesis for now, offering a way forward for showing our love for God today.[4] Evaluation seeks the Big Story meaning, using it to shape the final step in the process.

The final step is application. This not only means the pragmatic/practical dimensions, but also the universality of the discernment.  In general terms, application asks, “How does this apply to everyone in ways that promote the common good?”—which is the theological and judicial meaning of the word ‘justice.’

 I hope this overview of inductive reasoning has been helpful to you in general. It is the means by which we make good decisions in any area of life. I hope it also shows why Originalism is an insufficient legal hermeneutic. It turns out to be (at best) one-fifth of a complete reasoning process. Neither good laws nor good life can come from truncated thinking..


[1] Quoted in Matthew Fox’s Daily Meditations, 10/21/20.

[2] To study the inductive method in detail, I recommend David R. Bauer and Robert A. Traina’s book, ‘Inductive Bible Study’  (Baker Academic, 2011).

[3] Those who use inductive reasoning are the first to admit that determining the “original meaning” is difficult, sometimes impossible, and always partial in the discernment of truth for today. In biblical hermeneutics, this is the fundamentalist approach which, like legal  Originalism, treats the first step of inductive methodology as if it were the whole.

[4] In biblical hermeneutics, Dr. David Thompson has an excellent chapter on the evaluative step in his book, ‘ Bible Study That Works’ (Evangel Publishing, 1994), chapter five, “ Let Jesus Be the Judge.”  This book is a good study of all five steps in the inductive method

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Merton’s Prayers: December 21, 1939

“Blessed Saint Thomas, who are blessed because, seeing the risen Christ and handling His wounds you believed in Him: pray to Him that I, seeing His body and the blood of His wounds each day may also believe Him, and be filled with His love. And may the image of the five wounds go with me wherever I go; and may the blood from them purify me utterly so that every earthly fear, desire or temptation may be driven out of my heart, and so that I may be wholly filled with God’s love and become His servant and the fellow citizen of the Saints. Amen.” [1]

Here is the first of Merton’s many longer invocations to the saints. He had just completed reading about Thomas in John’s gospel, and he wrote a reflection on what he had read, ending with this prayer. He asks Thomas to pray to God that he might have the same depth of devotion that Thomas had—a devotion that eliminates every evil and instills every virtue. I cannot think of a better request than that.

Making the request to St.Thomas reveals Merton’s belief in the great cloud of witnesses (Hebrews 12:1) as an active presence, not merely a theological statement. To those of us who are not Roman Catholic, we would do well to see the interactive nature between the Church visible (us) and the Church invisible (the cloud of witnesses). The writer of Hebrews saw it, and Merton did too.

And I must go on to say that I do not find asking a member of the Church invisible (one of the saints) to pray for me to be any less appropriate than asking a member of the Church visible (e.g. a friend or pastor) to do so. Intercession is mystery anyway, and perhaps it can take place in heaven as much as on earth.

[1] Thomas Merton, ‘Run to the Mountain: The Story of Vocation’ (HarperCollins, 1995). By referencing the date, you can find the prayer in any version of the journal you have.

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Merton’s Prayers: December 19, 1939

“Now we faithful glorify 

the Holy Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit 

and we give this triune Lord 

all the taste of the salt 

all the love of the heart

 all the fervor of the soul for ever and ever.” [1]


Merton ends a short story he has been writing with a long hymn that a hermit composed and sang while playing a violin. It is a long poem that resonates as a prayer in many places.


Taken as-a-whole, it is Merton’s way of commending prayer as an expression of total devotion to God, devotion given not just by human beings but (as the hymn reveals) expressed by everyone and everything. It is what we mean when we say, “All nature sings.”  


We need prayers of rejoicing. Prayers of the faithful should exude celebration, and as Merton’s prayer shows, our praise can be directed to all three persons of the Holy Trinity. When we find ourselves in “praise mode,” we can include the prayer practice of adoring the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. And maybe like Merton’s hermit in his short story, we can pray by singing and with a violin!


[1] Thomas Merton, ‘Run to the Mountain: The Story of Vocation’ (HarperCollins, 1995). By referencing the date, you can find the prayer in any version of the journal you have.

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Merton’s Prayers

October 22, 1939

“Pax Tecum Filumena”
(“Peace be with you, Philomena) [1]

Between his last recorded prayer and this one (two months) Merton accepted a call to the priesthood and consulted with friends about how best to fulfill the call. They advised him to join an Order. The prayer above was Merton’s brief request for Philomena to dwell in the peace of God in the church invisible.

Out of her peace Merton asked, “so I pray, too, that she will protect me, and ask God to make me chaste and meek and perfect in my vocation, and bring me then to the Monastery and serve Him perfectly there.” Merton’s request for peace was the expression of his desire for purity of heart.

Prayer is the means by which we align ourselves with the Beatitude, “Blessed are the pure in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of God” (Matthew 5:8). As Soren Kierkegaard put it, “Purity of heart is to will one thing.” That one thing is that the will of God might be done on earth as it is in heaven. Merton’s prayer is toward that end. He wanted to be one through whom that could happen. We should want to be too.

[1] Thomas Merton, ‘Run to the Mountain: The Story of Vocation’ (HarperCollins, 1995). By referencing the date, you can find the prayer in any version of the journal you have.

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Along the Way: The Root Problem

​I agree with those who point out that social media can be a place where rage overtakes reason, where emotions overrule education. And I confess my own failures along this line in some of the things I have posted. It is difficult to maintain your senses in a storm—particularly a sustained one. Wisdom is hard to come by in a whirlwind.

That’s why I must be clear that this writing is not a reaction to what’s going on, but rather a response to it—a considered response that I have been developing for quite a while by observing a growing mountain of  information. I am writing in the spirit which John Wesley sometimes used to signal his sobriety, substance, and seriousness about a given subject—what he called, “A Calm Address…” I offer you the following in this spirit, even though I know (as Wesley knew) that some will disagree with this post and criticize it. Yet, what follows is not driven by my emotions, but rather by the reading and research I have done. It is my considered opinion of Donald Trump–and one that I would never have expected to make about any President of the United States.

In a word, the root problem we are facing in Donald Trump is this: we are being ruled by a madman. This has happened in history (e.g. Herod, Caligula, Henry VI, to name a few), and it is happening again in Donald Trump. [1] We are being ruled by a madman. Let me unpack this conviction. 

First, we are being ruled. By his own words the past several years, he admires despotic rulers, and he does all he can to behave like one. In doing this, he exhibits his fundamental disregard for our system of government. He acts like a monarch, not a president—going against the documented determination by our nation’s founders not to replicate the demagogueries from which many of them had literally escaped. Donald Trump’s words and actions render his “Make America Great Again” slogan meaningless, because they show he does not know (or care) what the word “America” means politically. His words and actions are also dangerous because they reveal he is attempting to make “America” something it was not intended to be—a system in which one person operates with too much power.

This attempt demonstrates Donald Trump’s toxic leadership as described in an article written by Dr. Jean Kim before he was elected. [2] Dr. Kim’s article was written to describe toxic bosses in the workplace. Sadly, Donald Trump personifies them all…

(1) Unwilling to listen to feedback

(2) Excessive self-promotion and self-interest

(3) Lying and inconsistency

(4) Lack of personal morality or ethical base for their leadership

(5) Rewards incompetence

(6) Operates independently out of a perceived “expertise”

(7) Surround themselves with a cadre of “yes” people, and removes critics

(8) Bullying and harassment

We are being ruled.

Second, by a madman. When this concern surfaced (even prior to his election) Donald Trump’s supporters not surprisingly cried, “foul ball.” Apart from their disagreement was their allegation you may remember. His supporters rejoined the phrase, “He is a political rookie; cut him some slack.” And because it was so early in his presidency, that was difficult to deny. He has never held a public office. So, many of us did that—we backed off and gave him the benefit of the doubt– hoping  for better things from him, while continuing to wonder if we would ever see them.

But now, enough time has elapsed to see that our initial concerns about Donald Trump’s mental health were valid. The concerns have been expressed  by a host of behavioral professionals. Here are a few examples…

(1) 2018—a little more than year into Trump’s presidency, 27 mental health professionals expressed their concerns about his mental health in a book entitled, ‘The Dangerous Case of Donald Trump.’ The book’s author and organizer was Dr. Bandy Lee, Professor of Psychiatry at Yale University. In the second edition ten more weighed in and the number in the title was changed to 37. [3]  This book is considered the standard for a professional assessment of Trump’s mental health.

(2) Also in 2018—Justin Frank, former Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at George Washington University School of Medicine. wrote ‘Trump on the Couch,’ in which he notes that Trump’s personality is riddled with mental health issues.

(3) 2019—During the impeachment process 350 mental health professionals signed and sent a letter to Congress citing Donald Trump’s increasingly delusional behavior as evidence of his mental illness and their opinion that he was not fit to serve as President.

(4) 2020—Two detailed accounts have continued to document Trump’s mental illness: ‘A Very Stable Genius,’ and ‘Too Much and Never Enough: My Family Created the World’s Most Dangerous Man.’ The former volume was co-authored by award-winning journalists  Carol Leonnig and Philip Rucker. The latter is by Trump’s niece Mary L. Trump, who holds a PhD in Clinical Psychology.

These four illustrations provide a “Mount Everest” of evidence that Donald Trump is mentally ill, far more evidence than is normally solicited to confirm such in an individual. In addition to these (and other) sobering accounts, we can add the statements made by other of Trump’s family members, business associates, former attorneys, military and political leaders, and White House staff members. When the professional assessments are combined with the accounts of people who have known Donald Trump and worked closely with him, the case that he is mentally ill is persuasive. [4]

We are passed the time when the evidence of Donald Trump’s toxic leadership and mental illness can be ignored, and certainly not dismissed as being partisan. I remind you once again that I am a political independent. I write as a concerned citizen. I have been developing my opinion for some time, and it has only strengthened by what I have seen and heard from him in the past week. [5] We are being ruled by a madman.


[1] To be clear, even madmen do some good things, and Donald Trump’s supporters are quick to defend him, citing “ the goods things he has  done.”  Sadly, this defense avoids the fact that madness can exist in the midst of some positive behaviors. The failure of Trump’s supporters to recognize this, makes his  madness even more insidious, as it did with leaders in the past. The most dangerous leader possible is the one people do not recognize as such.

[2] Dr. Jean Kim, “8 Traits of Toxic Leadership,” Psychology Today, July 6, 2016.

[3] Dr. Lee is careful to distinguish between a professional assessment and a clinical diagnosis. She also notes that mental health professionals are asked to provide both, and that assessments (based on reviews of large amounts of evidence) are considered credible.  In sum, the 37 people who contribute to the book believe that Donald Trump manifests what is called “extreme persistent hedonism” and “sociopathic behavior” which render him mentally unfit to be President. The fact that 37 behavioral scientists were willing to publicly express their concerns is an indication of how serious they consider this to be.

[4] Among the more indicting non-professional assessments is the book by John W. Dean and Bob Altemeyer, ‘Authoritarian Nightmare.’ As you will remember, John Dean saw authoritarianism up close and personal in Richard Nixon. He knows despotic behavior when he sees it. But the book is not based in personal experience but in results provided  by analytical instruments that add objectivity to observation.  

[5] Dr. Bandy Lee has voiced her ongoing concerns in an interview just three days ago on the Salon website, an interview conducted with her by Igor Derysh entitled, “Sociopathy: Psychiatrist says Trump’s behavior meets criteria for a locked psychiatric facility” (10/06/2020).

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Along the Way: Fluid Formation

​Years ago, Richard Foster and I were visiting over a meal. It happened to be at a time when my daily devotions were tepid. I asked him about this, hoping he could share something that would “jump start” my prayer time. And he did, but it was not what I expected.

He commiserated with my dryness, admitting he had similar feelings from time to time. And then he gave me his pearl of great price: “Sometimes all I need to pray is a cup of coffee and a squirrel playing outside my window.”  Whatever else he said, I have forgotten. That sentence has stuck with me ever since. I should not have been surprised that he said it, given he has often spoken about the spiritual life as “the freedom of simplicity.” [1]

I am writing about this today because I believe it is counsel we need to take to heart during these challenging times. Physical and emotional fatigue is epidemic, with its corresponding decline of energy for all sorts of things. Spirituality is not immune. It’s difficult to concentrate, for one thing. It’s difficult even to want to concentrate sometime.

And that’s precisely where Richard’s comment to me years ago comes alive for me right now. I have paraphrased it to say, “Sometimes all we need to pray is a beverage and a bird.” When our accustomed formation system is not the solution, drop it. Don’t try to get blood out of a turnip. One of the worst things we can do in our spiritual formation is to “manufacture meaning.” Spiritual formation includes discipline, but we must not turn the spiritual journey into a forced march.

Jesus spoke about “rivers of living water” (John 7:38). In my travels I have flown over many rivers. I have yet to see one that flowed in a straight line. They all meander. And…they have seasonal cycles, including times when they flood and times when there’s no water in the riverbed. Spiritual formation must be fluid; otherwise, it becomes a brittle wineskin that cannot hold the wine. We must go with the flow.

It is in the dry times, when we must not force the empty riverbed to give what it cannot give. And in those moments, Richard Foster’s counsel is the guidance we must follow: “Sometimes all I need to pray is a cup of coffee and a squirrel playing outside my window.” Yes! I am writing this with a beverage in hand and a bird nearby.

[1] He has written a book by that title , ‘Freedom of Simplicity.’ It was subsequently re-titled, ‘The Challenge of the Disciplined Life.’ 

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Merton’s Prayers: August 24, 1939 #2

August 24, 1939

“Christ, have mercy on us.
God save you, Mary, full of grace.” [1]

Merton entered a second prayer into his journal the same day that he included the first one. It was a response he had to scenes in a Charlie Chaplain movie—scenes that led him to write these words, ”It feels that anything that ever had any happiness about this civilization–all the happy things this civilization has produced like Chaplin movies, are all gone and done with. Nothing left but the wars.” He was, of course, referring to the wars and rumors of wars brewing in the world at that time.

As we will see throughout this series, Merton prayed his life. We never lack for things to pray for when we do this because inwardly and outwardly life is going on all the time. In this particular prayer Merton reminds us that we live by God’s mercy, not by any humanly engineered programs. Sooner or later, our efforts will collapse, our systems fail us, and we will find ourselves back to Square One. It begins with the deep sense of loss that Merton described as he watched the movie. But as the prayer also teaches us, mercy is ever present. It is the “full of grace” moment when God gives us the opportunity to make a fresh start.

[1] Thomas Merton, ‘Run to the Mountain: The Story of Vocation’ (HarperCollins, 1995). This is Volume One of the five-volume series. By referencing the date, you can find the prayer in any version of the journal you have.

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Merton’s Prayers: August 24, 1939

​“Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with you; blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death.”  [1]

The first prayer in Merton’s journal is sometimes called the “Hail Mary.” He found it in Italian in a novel he was reading. He does not say that he prayed it, but he does use it to reflect that the world of his day was “full of grace” in many perceptible ways.

In what seems like a relatively small and passing entry, but Merton’s first prayer and his reflection related to are actually a major lesson: life is a prayer. Prayer does not require a “Dear God” and an “Amen.”  As St. Francis put it, “God is doing cartwheels in creation.”  And like Francis and Thomas Merton, all we have to do is look around, and we will see grace everywhere. 

[1] I am using the ebook edition of the five-volume set of journals published by HarperCollins. The first volume is referenced, Thomas Merton, ‘ Run to the Mountain: The Story of Vocation’ (HarperCollins, 1995). By referencing the date in each post’s title, you can find the prayer in any version of the journal you have.

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Merton’s Prayers: Introduction

​In my classes on Spiritual Formation, I had the opportunity to refer to a host of saints, canonized and otherwise. I made it a point to say that when studying persons, the best way to get to know them is through their journals and letters. I have been particularly fortunate to have that opportunity in my study of John Wesley, and others as well.

One such person is Thomas Merton. His complete extant journals have been published as well as a plethora of letters. [1] A while back, I decided to go through Merton’s journals one more time, this time paying attention to his prayers. [2] I have noticed them during my previous readings; now, I want to make them the focus. Merton’s prayers not only tell us about his prayer life, they provide insights to enrich our praying. I believe Merton’s prayers can be rain falling into the soil of our souls where seeds planted by the Spirit are waiting to germinate and bear fruit.

This series of occasional posts is my invitation to you to come along with me on this journey through Merton’s journals. I believe we are in for a treat. I will post the first prayer tomorrow. [3]


[1] You can easily find his journals by searching “the journals of Thomas Merton” in the Amazon Book Store search box. They come up together and can be purchased individually or as a set. For some reason, the five volumes of letters do not come up in a set, but only by individual titles: ‘The Hidden Ground of Love’….’The Road to Joy’….’The School of Charity’….’The Courage for Truth’….and….’Witness to Freedom.’ Each volume gathers Merton’s letters according to topics.

[2] His comments about prayer are important in addition to the prayers, but they are too numerous to include in this series. Focusing on the prayers alone will take some time.

[3] This series also appears on the International Thomas Merton Society (Group Page) on Facebook. If you are not familiar with the ITMS, I hope you will give it a look, and perhaps become a group member. The Society has two Facebook pages, a general one and a group one.

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In-Sight: Living on the Edge of the Inside

Some of you will immediately recognize the title of this post as one of Richard Rohr’s phrases to describe where he believes God calls us to live.[1]  I have intentionally used his words, because I agree with him, and because I believe it is the place where God is calling us to live in these challenging times.

As you know, I have been studying the book of Micah, and it stands in the background of this month’s “In-Sight” writing.  Like all the prophets, Micah lived and worked on the edge of the inside. It is the prophetic location—the place from which renewal emerges.  It is the location where innumerable Christians have lived, beginning with Jesus and continuing through the first disciples, St. Paul, the early church—and  in movements and people such as the desert mothers and fathers, Celtic Christians,  Francis and Clare, the Wesleys, all the way up to the present in groups like the Poor People’s  Campaign. In this post I want to describe some of the qualities exhibited by those who live on the edge of the inside.

First, they seek to make love their aim, not only taking their cue from St. Paul (1 Corinthians 14:1), but also from the major world religions who commend the same. [2]  We Christians call it agapé.  Martin Luther King, Jr. described it as “a tough mind and a tender heart” that issues in nonviolent ministries of compassion. [3]

Second, they refuse to turn the status quo into a sacred cow, or sell their soul to any company store.  In classical spirituality language, they live for “God alone,” and in doing so they view revelation as progressive, history as evolutionary, and institutions as means. They move toward the singular purpose of God, the reconciliation of all things in Christ (Ephesians 1:9-10).

Third, they live under the inspiration of the Big Story. [4] They identify with a faith tradition, but do not see it as wall of separation, but rather as a particular manifestation of Reality larger than itself. They respect and receive truth wherever it is found. [5] As Christians, we recognize the universal presence and activity of God in everyone and everything (e.g. John 1:3, Acts 10:34-36, Acts 17:28, Colossians a 1:15-20,  Colossians 3:11). [6]

Fourth, they live in community, often beginning renewal movements. They are never “holy solitaries” (John Wesley’s term), but rather practice life together.  From the roots of their fellowship they produce the fruit of service in the world, with particular attention to “the least of these.”

Fifth, they resist principles, not people. Paul’s words in Ephesians 6:10-20 form their mind and fashion their methods. [7] Their aim is not to win, but to transform.  They seek to overcome evil with good through the practice of the better. [8]

Sixth, they strive to advance the kingdom of God, as described by Jesus in Luke 4:18-19, and exemplified thereafter in his life and ministry. In this sense they live as salt and light in the world. They live by the two great commandments and personify the fruit of the Spirit.

Seventh, they live by faith in “things not seen” and things “hoped for” (Hebrews 11:1). [9]  They do this as an act of radical trust in God’s sovereignty, and that “though the wrong seems oft so strong, God is the ruler yet.” [10]  With the host of reformers they believe the arc of the universe moves toward justice, understood as inclusion, fairness, and equity—for all.

A final quality combines and activates the previous seven: they live as subversives.  I learned from Eugene Peterson to use this word in relation to the spiritual life. [11] He preferred it to the idea of being a revolutionary, as do I now, thanks to him. Revolutionaries stand on the outside and throw stones. Subversives stand on the inside—the edge of the inside—and  sow seeds. 

Our times are better served by subversives. Every person and group I mentioned at the beginning of this article acted subversively. When we learn from people like this, we live the Gospel well, and living it on the edge of the inside.


[1] He has written about this in his recent series, “Mystics and the Margins” on his Daily Meditations (September 27—October 1). The idea is also the 4th Core Principle of the Center for Action and Contemplation. Rohr writes about each of the principles in his book, ‘The Eight Core Principles.’

[2] Mirabai Star shows how love is present and active in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam in her book, ‘God of Love.’ The Dalai Lama brings Buddhism into the picture through his numerous statements about the centrality of love. Hinduism also makes love supreme, calling it “the only thing that is everywhere.”  

[3] Chapter one in his book, ‘ Strength to Love.’

[4] In philosophical language this is called the Perennial Tradition. Bede Griffiths summarized it in his book, ‘Universal Wisdom,’ p. 8. I have been exploring this tradition and may write about it at some point. I believe it is where we must come together if we are to heal the sickness and brokenness in the world today. We must be Big Story people.

[5] The Second Vatican Council affirmed this in “Nostra Aetate  “(In Our Time): Declaration on the Relation of the Church to Non-Christian Religions (October 28, 1965). The ‘ Catechism of the Catholic Church’ affirms this same idea in paragraph 819.

[6] Richard Rohr’s books, ‘Everything Belongs’ and ‘The Universal Christ’ describe this in detail.

[7] I have recently written a three-part series here on Oboedire entitled, ”Dethroning Evil,” based on this Ephesians passage.

[8] “The practice of the better” is one of the core principles of the Center for Action and Contemplation begun by Richard Rohr.  As noted above, he writes about each principle in his book, ‘The Eight Core Principles.’ I wrote an extended series, “Practicing the Better” here on Oboedire. 

[9] Paul Chilcote and I have written about this in our book, ‘Living Hope.’

[10] Hymn, “This is my Father’s World.”

[11] Eugene Peterson, ‘Subversive Spirituality.’

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Day One: October 2020

Thanks to those of you who have recently subscribed to Oboedire so you can automatically receive what I write. And thanks to those of you who have encouraged me to continue writing. I hope a new pace will provide me with both rest (from a deadline-driven approach) and energy (to write things worth reading).
On the horizon, the October “In-Sight” will post on Saturday. It is not the one I wrote a while back and intended to post. It is one I wrote yesterday as a means to ponder the challenges we are facing and to propose a formative vantage point for doing so. It expands on a phrase used by Richard Rohr and is entitled, “Living on the Edge of the Inside.”
On Sunday, I will post the introduction to a new, occasional series entitled, “Merton’s Prayers.” I am re-reading Thomas Merton’s journals, focusing on the prayers he includes in them. Through them we learn a lot about his prayer life, and we derive insights for ours. I hope you find the series helpful. These posts will also appear on The International Thomas Merton Society (Group Page) on Facebook. If you are interested in Merton, I recommend this page. It has articles, poems, music, quotes and photos that enrich our knowledge and appreciation of him.
Another thing I want to remind you about is the publication of my book, ‘Life in Christ’ by Abingdon Press. I have posted about it on Facebook, but it fits the timeline here too. It is available in both paperback and ebook formats, and it is suited to both individual reading and small-group use. I hope you will find it helpful. I recently had the opportunity to join a small group led by Bishop Ken Carder (via Zoom) that is using the book.
On the home front, the big news for Jeannie and me continues to be our kittens, Sweetie and Honey. They are going strong, and they bring us great joy. They were unexpected gifts to us, quickly claiming our hearts and becoming part of “the fam.” I know many of you have followed our kitty saga on Jeannie’s and my Facebook pages. We hope the photos, videos, and comments make you smile.
Here in Florida we are seeing signs that fall is emerging—that is, “signs” as we Floridians read them. For Jeannie and me this means watching our Golden Rain trees turn more and more amber, and feeling the temperature go down a little. These annual changes in nature are one way God reminds us that we too are ever changing, never standing still. We are (to use E. Stanley Jones’ phrase) “Christians under construction.”—human beings in motion on a never-ending journey. God is not finished with any of us.
And with that, I come to the end of this month’s “Day One” post. I am grateful that you are part of Oboedire. I am committed to using this medium as a ministry to provide useful reflections on the spiritual life. I continue to “ask, seek, and knock” about how best to do that. If you have thoughts and/or suggestions, please send them to me at: oboediresite@gmail.com. And if you know of others who would be interested in this site, please let them know about Oboedire.

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Along the Way: Dethroning Evil #3

​This is the final post in this mini-series. I have made use of Ephesians 6:10-20 to commend Christian resistance to evil. In the first post, we looked at the motive for resistance. In the second one, we explored the mindset for it. In this post, I offer an overview of the sevenfold methodology which Paul instructed the Ephesians to use. He called it putting on the full armor of God.

Before looking at each of the component, I want to repeat one thing I noted in the last post: every piece of the armor was given to the soldier, a way for Paul to remind the Ephesians that resistance is by grace. We manifest the fruit of resistance by the root of contemplation. He made this clear in the seventh method—prayer, which we will say more about farther along. For now, we see that “the battle is the Lord’s,” and God provides what we need to practice Christian resistance. Paul describes this provision using seven pieces of armor.

The first piece is the belt of truth. Paul is not talking about broad-based, generic truth, but rather about a focused truth that resists and overcomes “rulers and authorities.” He does not describe the specifics of the truth he has in mind. I think this is because of the length of time he spent in Ephesus. In addition to a brief visit, he lived there for three and a half years preaching and teaching the faith. That’s more than enough time for him to have taught the people what he meant by truth. In fact, I believe he listed the pieces of armor without commentary because he had previously taught them in detail about each one. By mentioning them again in the letter it was his way of saying, “Remember what we talked about when I was with you; it’s time for you put what you know into practice. It’s time to put on the full armor of God, and use it overcome evil with good.”

With respect to truth as he had it in mind, we can look at passages in other letters where Paul was wearing the belt of truth to resist evil. I would note here his letters to the Galatians (possibly his earliest letter) where he was resisting the evil of the Judaizers, and the letter to the Colossians where he resisted pagan philosophy. It’s impossible to go into detail about this here, but a study of these letters reveals several dimensions of truth that challenged imperialism—i.e. the political-religious collusion which enthroned the evil of egotism and ethnocentrism. I would note the truths of universality (Colossians 1:15-20, and 3:11),  oneness (Galatians 3:28), deliverance from legalism (almost the entirety of Galatians), and freedom (Galatians 5:1). [1]  Truth  of this nature challenged the “rulers and authorities” and offered people another way of living called the kingdom of God. This is the truth that, like a belt, encircles us and holds up our clothing as we move around, giving us dexterity and activity.

The second piece of armor is the breastplate of righteousness (“justice” in the CEB). Both words have strong meanings for both inward character and outward conduct. But the first thing we see is that the breastplate was large and substantial. It covered the vital organs, providing confidence to move ahead.  Similarly, we resist evil through righteousness/justice when we feel inwardly (character) and outwardly (compassion) confident. We dare not move forward exposed and vulnerable. We resist from the wellspring of integrity and the outpouring of concern, expressed through advocacy and caregiving.

Thirdly, Paul points to sandals of peace. He most surely had the seventh Beatitude in mind, “Blessed are the peacemakers” (Matthew 5:9), as did Christians later, like Francis and Clare who prayed to be instruments of God’s peace.  Sandals leave our imprint on the path.  God wants our resistance to evil to leave the footprint of peace.  Today, we call it nonviolence. [2] 

Fourth, there is the shield of faith. From William Barclay I learned that the Greek word Paul used was the word for a large, long shield, not the small round one we sometimes see in paintings. [3] Sometimes in battle, the shield was the soldier’s last line of defense. He could literally hide behind it to protect himself from “the flaming arrows of the evil one.”  Likewise, there are times in resistance when evil gets the upper hand, and all we can do is claim faith as our last resort. The hymn writer described it this way, “Though the wrong seems oft so strong, God is the ruler yet.” That’s a shield-of-faith statement. Our  last defense is the conviction that evil will not have the final word. Sometimes that kind of faith is all that keeps us from quitting and throwing in the towel. 

Fifth, Paul points to the helmet of salvation. Here the word “salvation” does not mean going to heaven when you die; it means keeping our head while we’re here. It literally means “wholeness,” versus flying off the handle or coming apart at the seams. We might say it is staying cool and remaining calm.  It also has the idea of standing firm.

When I read John Lewis’ books, ‘Across that Bridge’  and ‘Walking with the Wind,’ I learned that Dr. James Lawson (a United Methodist civil rights leader) taught the weekly classes on nonviolent resistance to Lewis and others in Nashville—classes that preceded the first sit-ins by a year. Lawson gave his students the helmet of salvation—that is, knowledge that was necessary to inform courage, to instill stability, and to inspire action. Lewis and others summed it up as “strength to love.” It was a mindset that gave resisters a place to stand (literally and figuratively) when they were confronted.

Sixth, Paul mentions the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God. With it the soldier went on the offensive. The word of God is our offense too. Some say this means the Bible, and there are ways that is true. Scripture is useful in providing momentum and forward movement. But the context of Paul’s words is not about the Bible—simply because he did not have one.

What he had was the logos (word) of God.  He had what John wrote about in 1:1-18 of his gospel.  He had Christ, excarnate (universal, eternal) and incarnate (particular, time framed). I think he saved the best for last because with respect to our resistance of evil, Christ is the ultimate thing we have going for us. The battle is the Lord’s. Christ is our example of nonviolent resistance in the flesh, and he is our empowerment for nonviolent resistance in the Spirit.

And then we come to the seventh element: prayer. Some scholars see it more as the atmosphere of resistance, not a piece of armor. Take it either way; you end up at the same place.  Prayer is the means, Paul says, by which we stay alert, the medium through which we pray for all others who are resisting evil, and via the prayers of others for us, it is the motivation we derive to remain engaged in the resistance. Prayer is, as Wesley taught, the chief means of grace. In that sense, nonviolent resistance begins, continues, and ends in prayer.

Well, Ephesians 6:10-20 is a storehouse of knowledge, a reservoir of wisdom, and our marching orders for action.  They give us the motive, mindset, and methodology for resistance.  We need all three…right now.  We need all three in order to dethrone evil.


[1] Galatians is the biblical text which I explore in my new book, ‘Life in Christ: The Core of Intentional Spirituality’ (Abingdon Press, 2020).

[2] My one-book recommendation for learning about, embracing, and manifesting nonviolence is John Dear’s book, ‘The Nonviolent Life.’

[3] William Barclay, ‘The Letters to the Galatians and Ephesians: The Daily Study Bible’ (Westminster, 1958).

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Along the Way: Dethroning Evil #2

​In the first post  on this subject a few days ago, I voiced  my conviction that the November election is ultimately about dethroning evil.[1] It is not about Donald Trump losing and Joe Biden winning (though that is a necessary component in the dethronement), it is the casting of votes in local, state, and federal races in ways that restore the soul of our nation, which I summarize as a commitment to the common good. By our votes, we must choose people committed to serving the aims of that goodness and legislating in ways that bring it to pass.

In the mission to dethrone evil, we are in sync with Jesus and with everyone who has labored for justice (i.e. equity, fairness, inclusion) before and after him. In the first post I used Paul’s words in Ephesians 6:12 to emphasize that Christian resistance is not against people per se, but rather it is an opposition to “rulers and authorities, “who have become agents of  fallen-world thinking and living (i.e. imperialism). It is resistance to those who have sold their souls to “forces of cosmic darkness and spiritual powers of evil in the heavens”—that is (as Richard Rohr describes it), to the collective, corporation mindset which elevates the few at the expense of the many through various eugenic and exclusionary means.

Paul’s words in Ephesians 6:12 provide the motive for Christian resistance—what I am calling the dethronement of evil. That was the focus of the first post. But the verse exists in the larger context of Ephesians 6:10-20, which set forth two additional things: the mindset and methodology of our resistance. Paul uses the garb of the Roman soldier to teach both things. [2]  In this post, I explore three aspects of the mindset. In the next post, I will examine the sevenfold methodology that Paul commends. 

First, he shows the problem is serious. The presence of soldiers in a place is an indication of threat. Timothy Brown describes it as “ the malevolent intent of our adversary.” [3]  It is the malevolence enthroned in too much of our political system today which must be resisted and overcome to the greatest extent possible through the use of nonviolent action.

Paul’s tone cancels out two things we often hear in times of crisis. The first is, “The Church should not be involved in politics.” Paul’s jaw would drop if he heard a Christian say this. As accounts in the Book of Acts reveal (along with comments in his letters), he was up to his eyeballs in politics. But more, he followed Jesus who was crucified because he opposed the imperialist system (a collusion of state and religion, as it always is), as did subsequent disciples who were dragged into court (e.g. Acts 4:1-23), and sometimes martyred (Hebrews 11:36-37). The Church cannot be the Church and be aloof from politics because life s political.  But note—in the context of Paul’s words it is a call to be political in a counter-cultural way when the culture is evil.  In such times, we put on the full armor of God.

The second toxic mantra is, “Things are bad. But they have been bad before. They will get better. They always do.”  This way of thinking uses history as a way to justify “keeping quiet” and not “rocking the boat.” It is a mantra that breeds passivity. And more, it is ignorance—a way of overlooking that even though things often do get better, they never do so magically. Things only get better when people speak and act to make them so—when they labor to overcome evil with good. To voice this second phrase is to insult the saints who have rolled up their sleeves and given their lives to resist evil. Instead of being passive, we must say, “When the going gets tough, the tough get going.” In such times, we put on the full armor of God.

Second, Paul reveals that the power to overcome evil with good is grace. Every item of the soldier’s gear was provided to them; it did not arise from them. They are able to fight because they have been given the means to do so.

One of the things I have learned from studying nonviolence, and from having friends much more involved in resistance than I am is this: the greatest mistake we can make is to work from the base of our own resources. [4] The way Paul illustrated Christian resistance by using the Ronan soldier is his testimony to the necessity of grace in the dethronement of evil.

In the ensuing Christian tradition, the grace to resist (using the contemplation/action combo) came to be described as the works of piety and the works of mercy. [5] The works of piety form our character; the works of mercy shape our conduct. Taken together, they provide the grace to resist evil and overcome it with good.

Third, Paul teaches us that there must be confession. By calling for resistance, Paul was being honest. The culture of his day did not reflect the will of God. He made this confession against the backdrop of theocracy—the Roman empire, where Caesar was declared to be a god, and his laws were deemed divine. To this fallen-world way of thinking, Paul has an implied two-word response, “Not so!”

It is what our response must be today whenever rulers and authorities become so full of themselves that they get “too big for their britches” and come to believe (and work to deceive others into believing) that they are the bringers of “the light and the glory.”

Against this lie, we bring Paul’s two-word confession, “Not so.” Honesty is the only way to dethrone evil. And with respect to our nation it is having the courage to confess that we have lived with a sanitized version of history—one that is Aryan in perspective, with the ensuing harms that come when prejudice prevails. In our day, we must confess that “liberty and justice for all” has never been fully realized, and that  “law and order” has been a slogan defined and used by those in power to remain in power.

The dethronement of evil requires a mindset—a disposition of heart and an intention of will.  Paul provides it, if we are willing to receive it and put it into practice.


[1] I see the need for the dethronement of evil even more strongly following the death of Justice Ginsburg, as I watch in stunned (but not surprised) amazement to see how brazen Mitch McConnell and others are being in their insistence on choosing a replacement while Donald Trump is president—a hypocritical reversal of themselves when President Obama faced the same situation. Their rush to choose a new Justice is a clear indication that they have sold heir souls to the preservation of power which is fueled by their nationalist (fascist) agenda, even though they do not represent the majority of Americans. Ironically, their shamelessness is a sign that they fear they will lose control of the Senate, so (to use the words of Jesus to Judas) they must do quickly what they seek to do.

[2]] In using the equipment of the Roman soldier, Paul was not commending violence.  He accepted Jesus’ teaching that if we use the sword, we will die by it (Matthew 26:52).  He knew that the kingdom of God would not come by force (Matthew 11:22)—something  Christians after him forgot and/or ignored.  He used the dress of Roman soldiers because people saw them everyday.  They were Paul’s “ show-and-tell” illustrations to teach Christian nonviolent resistance. 

[3] ‘The Life with God Bible’ (HarperOne, 2005), note for Ephesians 6:13-17.

[4] Gandhi, King, Day, Lawson, Lewis, Romero, Rohr, Dear, Charleston, Holmes, and many others teach that action (of the kind we are describing) can only occur through contemplation. To bear the fruit we must first have the root. Without this, we “labor in vain” (Psalm 127:1), and we will eventually fall prey to burnout and cynicism. Henri Nouwen wrote about the contemplation/action link in his book, ‘Gracias’ which describes his time with Christians in Latin America who were having to resist evil every day.

[5] In the Wesleyan tradition, these are referred to as the instituted and prudential means of grace. Taken together, the means of grace create and sustain holiness of heart (inward piety) and life (outward mercy).

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Along the Way: Dangerous Education

A lot of politics in general and some of the president’s words and deeds in particular are beyond my expertise, even though sometimes I can’t keep myself from commenting about them. But when Donald Trump wanders into certain territory, he is on my turf. Education is one of them. Two of his recent comments are ludicrous and dangerous.

First, his ludicrous allegation that progressive Americans are teaching their children to hate America. That’s a lie. The truth is, some Americans are teaching their children to be honest about America. We do this because we have become aware of (through research, not hearsay) how skewed America’s history has been—advanced by a false narrative that is Aryan in concept.

The move to change this is not because we hate America, but because we love it, and we believe honesty is the only way to love something. Paul wrote, “Love rejoices in the truth” (1 Corinthians 13:6). We know truth best, and we establish mature perspectives about it when we see it complete. In fact, we learn as much about how to make things better by seeing the bad as we do by viewing the good. Prejudice is the result of partiality. Wisdom is the product of wholeness.

There is only one kind of truth when it comes to history: a mixed narrative in which we have gotten some things right and other things wrong. [1]  To acknowledge this about America is not hatred, it’s honesty. It is only those who “prefer darkness to light because their deeds are evil” (John 3:19) who want to truncate truth.  But to do so is to foist falsehood and design deception. A “sanitized” history (i.e. viewed through the lens of white privilege) is not history, it is propaganda. And because most of us were given a sanitized picture, it takes courage to confess it and work to do better. This leads to the second thing Trump has said—the dangerous thing.

Second, his plan to create a task force that will determine ways and means to teach “proper” American history—that is, history which  perpetuates the sanitized version with increased verve. To his credit and to that of his minions who blindly do his bidding, it is true that education is arguably the most powerful force in shaping the national narrative and creating the supportive mindset to declare and defend it. But the fact is, what Trump is proposing is not education, it is indoctrination—and of the kind that will extend white supremacist ideology into another generation. This is dangerous.

Our resistance to his views comes from an “enough is enough” point in time, where a growing number of people believe we are in the mess we’re in to a large degree because we have been taught improper American history. We are those who believe we have been harmed by a caucasian/corporate concept of history, where eugenics and elitism prevail.

We are those who envision a future where education in American history (and the life which issues from it) becomes “a coat of many colors”—a tapestry in which many story threads weave our national narrative.  We envision a national narrative akin to Pentecost, a day when the truth was spoken through many people groups and languages. We envision education that forms human conscience in ways that beget respect, inclusion, and the common good.

Donald Trump’s lies about our history and his plan to perpetuate a skewed narrative are of the darkness, not the light. And as one national newspaper puts it, “Democracy dies in the darkness.” Donald Trump is advocating dangerous education, born of despotism, not democracy.


[1] I imagine you have noticed Donald Trump’s refusal to admit mistakes, and his incessant claims (about almost everything) that no one has ever done things as well as he has. This is sick, and so is his attempt to create a past history and a current narrative that defines itself as “great.”


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Along The Way: Dethroning Evil #1

It’s time for me (you decide if it’s time for you) to push through the “fluff and stuff” and cut to the chase: the election on November 3rd is no longer about candidates or parties. It is about the dethronement of evil. To call it less is to run the risk of standing by passively and watching this nation unravel. My conscience will not let me do this. Niceness is no longer a virtue, if it ever is. Forthrightness is necessary. I say this as a Christian, full bore, but also as a political independent. [1] I have no “agenda,” but I am on a mission: to do what I can as a disciple of Jesus to overcome evil with good—and to do so in the context of our national election, now less than two months away. The soul of our nation is in jeopardy.

I take my cue and accept my assignment from Jesus himself, who modeled nonviolent resistance to evil, and who (in his great commission) included baptism in our missional task—baptism interpreted to me by the Wesleyan tradition as “resisting evil in whatever forms it presents itself.” I have taken a vow to do this.

But as always, how we go about resisting makes all the difference. In my need to learn how to engage in Christian resistance, I gain insight from Paul’s words, ”We aren’t fighting against human enemies but against rulers, authorities, forces of cosmic darkness, and spiritual powers of evil in the heavens” (Ephesians 6:12 CEB). When Paul wrote this, it was not the first time in history evil had taken root, and he knew it would not be the last. Fast forward to today, and we understand as Paul did that we are living in such a time. His words are our blueprint for action, in general and particularly in the days leading up to the election. [2]

First, Paul makes it cleat that “we aren’t fighting against human beings.” We must not miss this; otherwise our resistance will be un-Christian. E. Stanley Jones wrote about this and influenced my thinking originally. Others have done so since. The resistance we are called to make is a hard saying: our fight is not against people. It is against “rulers and authorities” who have fallen prey to evil.

Donald Trump is arguably the clearest and saddest example of an authority figure whose brokenness makes him susceptible to the influence of evil—at least he is the most public illustration of it that we see daily. [3] His sister and niece have confirmed this at their risk, and with courageous detail. On an ordinary day, their witness would be enough to cause people to see through Donald’s personal and political charade (created from his pathological narcissism), and thereby be persuaded that he is a threat to the nation, never deserving to be president in the first place, and surely not to be re-elected.

But this is no “ordinary day” (as I will show below); it is a time of darkness brought on by the multiplied deceptions that the current administration continues to use to pollute the minds of millions of people. To let that go unchallenged is unconscionable.

Michael Cohen reveals the deception in spades in his recent book, but also zeroing in to say, “The cosmic joke was that Trump convinced a vast swath of working-class white folks in the Midwest that he cared about their well-being. The truth was that he couldn’t care less. Everyone other than the ruling class on earth was like an ant, to his way of thinking, their lives meaningless and always subject to the whims of the true rulers of the world.” [4]

In the past six months or so this truth has been repeated by others who know Donald well and have worked closely with him. But most of all, his own words captured in print and on tape (including his frantic attempts to revise the narratives he himself creates—something narcissists do) are the ultimate indictment. Nevertheless, some people live from their brainwashed state and continue to support him. [5] This leads to the next thing Paul said.

Second, we fight “against rulers, authorities, forces of cosmic darkness, and spiritual powers of evil in the heavens.” Thanks to Richard Rohr, I see evil in a new light that has helped me understand Paul’s words better than before. [6] Evil is a societal darkness, a pre-existing condition (a mindset) that precedes any of our individual expressions. It soaks into us in a variety of ways. The Bible calls it satan. [7] By whatever interpretation, evil is real and active, using systems and groups as its instruments. We see this glaringly illustrated in the QAnon conspiracy [8] and the Christian Nationalism movement[9], two separate entities but which sometimes overlap.

Rohr rightly notes that evil masquerades as goodness (“greatness”—an even stronger appeal to egotism/ethnocentrism), and therein lies its power to deceive. This is not accidental or incidental, but rather deliberate and strategic. The workers of evil are in contact with each other [10], and they operate from a common playbook given over to lying (incessantly), bullying, denial (even in the face of proof), demeaning and caricaturing, passing the buck, deflecting (changing the subject), falsely blaming and vilifying others, preferring their falsehoods to truth, and otherwise perverting things to their advantage.

The whole thing operates and advances by deception. Richard Rohr sees this as the main concern we should have about what’s going on, writing that “People are more duped and intellectually lazy than they are malicious.” [11] And these tendencies are the things that evil leaders exploit to the greatest extent possible. Delusion is the only way such “rulers and authorities” can succeed. It is a system with roots in ancient history (imperialism), and with numerous contemporary manifestations (dictatorships)—all with leaders who enjoy a monarchial style. It is a system that’s immoral at the core: defined, designed, and directed by egoic/ethnocentric supremacies. It is the sin of Cain, who tried to say he was not responsible for his brother. Some in the current administration are skilled architects and engineers of this ancient sin, schooled in its deployment.

This is what we are called to resist…. “evil in whatever forms it presents itself.” We follow Jesus, Paul, and those before and after them, who co-operated with God so that justice would flow down like a mighty river, and righteousness like an ever flowing stream (Amos 5:24). We must oppose any and all systems that preserve, protect, and promote fallen-world imperialism. In upcoming posts, I will connect with the additional counsel of Paul in Ephesians 6. God has given us the means to resist, and now is the time to do so. [12]

For today, I take the words of Ephesians 6:12 to be God’s clarion call to resist evil, and I point to voting in the upcoming general election as a way to dethrone evil in local, state, and federal governments.

[1] I do not view any political party as perfect. It’s one reason I am an independent. Our political system is flawed across the board. But in terms of the vision (i.e. the common good) and its implementations, some platforms and politicians are noticeably better than others.

[2] The context of Ephesians 6:12 is 6:10-20. I intend to work through this longer passage in future posts. Hence, my use of “ #1” to describe this opening one.

[3] He is not alone. Recent brazen comments by Roger Stone and Michael Caputo to establish martial law and to prepare for armed conflict if Trump loses, reveal the same manifestations of evil, along with numerous other similar sentiments voiced by Donald’s minions the past few years. The increase of survivalist groups in the nation brings that chilling possibility to bear upon the future.

[4] Michael Cohen’s, ‘Disloyal’ is one of growing number of books and articles exposing Donald Trump and his administration. The rocks are crying out. Are we listening?

[5] Brainwashing as I use it here is not perjorative, it’s descriptive of the extended process that works over time to replace truth with lies so that people end up believing whatever corrupt leaders tell them. In social systems we call it indoctrination, which produces “group-think ”

[6] Richard Rohr, ‘What Do We Do With Evil?’ (CAC Publishing, 2019). He is not the first to describe evil in collective and systemic senses, but it was while reading this book that some things came together for me in a new way. Prior to this, Walter Brueggemann wrote similarly in relation to imperialism, and does so in most of his books. I reference two: ‘Journey to the Common Good’ and ‘Tenacious Solidarity.’

[7] I leave it to you to weave your particular beliefs about satan into this post. I do not want to distract from the point I am making by saying anything further or particular.

[8] I do not always reference Wikipedia, but the QAnon article there is a good overview, complete with numerous citations to take you into the topic in further detail.

[9] The books about the peril of Christian Nationalism have multiplied in recent years. For a starter I would recommend two: Andrew Whitehead & Samuel Perry, ‘Taking America Back for God’ and (2) Katherine Stewart, ‘The Power Worshippers.’

[10] Jeff Scarlet’s books, ‘The Family’ and ‘C Street’ reveal how this works in Christian Nationalism. Anne Nelson’s book, ‘Shadow Money’ exposes the larger manifestations in society.

[11] Rohr, ‘What Do We Do With Evil?’, 17.

[12] Joan Chittister’s book, ‘The Time is Now’ is a powerful call to nonviolent, prophetic resistance.

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Along the Way: The Formative Flow

I am grateful to Richard Foster for his development of a spiritual formation paradigm: vision, intention, means ]1] I use it often, and remind you about it occasionally.

Today, I had another opportunity to think about it as I read an article by Ilia Delio describing the metaphysical context for spirituality, which she describes as the interaction between epistemology and ethics, and the many expressions that emerge from it. [2]

Here is a list that offers you a way to see the formative flow through a variety of progressions. I begin with the way Ilia viewed it, and then add a few more…

Philosophical     
      –Vision: Epistemology (meaning)     
      –Intention: Ethics (morality)       –Means: Expressions (manifestations)

Cosmic     
     –Vision: God     
     –Intention: Cosmos (oneness/universility)     
     –Means: Creation (diversity/particularity)


Human (1Thessalonians 5:23)      –Vision: spirit (essence)      –Intention: soul (energy)      –Means: body (expressions)


Wesleyan     
     –Vision: God (Holy Love)
    –Intention: Holiness of heart and life     
     –Means: Means of grace             –institutional (works of piety)            
            –prudential (works of mercy)

This threefold flow can be seen in many other things, and it helps us to see how we mature in life and faith. I hope you find it useful.

[1] This paradigm is the structure used in ‘The Life with God Bible’ (HarperOne, 2005).  It is a spiritual formation oriented Bible published by the Renivaré ministry.

[2] Ilia Delio’s article in the September 2020 Omega Center e-letter.

    

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Shepherd’s Care: Ordination

Yesterday, Deacons and Elders were ordained by Bishop Ken Carter in the Florida Annual Conference of The United Methodist Church. [1] This annual service is a highlight and a reminder that God calls every Christian to a discipleship ministry, and some Christians to an ordained ministry. As a retired clergyperson, it is inspiring and encouraging to see the new people God is raising up. The beat goes on.

It is also a time to remember my ordination as an Elder 46 years ago, at Polk Street UMC in Amarillo, Texas (June 6, 1974), as Bishop Alsie Carelton (and others, including Jeannie) laid hands on me and prayed for me as I knelt at the altar rail. Even though I was the one given the title Elder in that ceremony, ministry has been a team effort with Jeannie every bit involved as I have been. We have been united in holy ministry even as we have been joined in holy matrimony.

Each year, the service gives me the opportunity to reflect anew on the meaning of ordination. Here are the thoughts I had yesterday, thoughts which have evolved over time.

First, ordination is a vision. The Church is never better than in the words it uses to describe itself in the ordination liturgy. In this sense ordination is a witness the Church makes about its nature and mission—a witness to which it holds itself accountable even as it receives new clergy into its membership. Ordination is a moment for the Church and its newest clergy to remember the vision and to recommit to it.

Second, ordination is a vocation. Paul wrote that God gave some to be apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors, and teachers, to equip the saints for ministry and to build up the Body of Christ (Ephesians 4:11). Ordination is the way we remind ourselves that being clergy is a calling, not a career. Indeed, every Christian is meant to look at their work in this way. But for clergy, ordination is the reminder that we are not institutional employees. We serve God alone, and do not sell our soul to any “company store.”

Third, ordination is a vow. The bishop asks a number of questions, and clergy answer in ways that affirm their faithfulness. Vows are an expression of conscience, but they are not silencers of it. Vows are an occasion when the Church and its clergy confess mutual accountability. Each promises its best to the other. In the good times, clergy are pastors in the Church; in the bad times they must be prophets to the Church. Our vows hold us to both tasks.

Fourth, ordination is a voyage. We travel with Christ, and the one who calls us is faithful (1Thessalonians 5:24). As an Elder (order of ministry) and as an elder (stage of life), I have experienced Christ’s faithfulness again and again. Ordination is an expression of our confidence in his goodness and trustworthiness.

Finally, ordination is a venture. Earlier in this post I noted that Jeannie stood with me and laid her hands on me when I was ordained. Now, forty-six years later, I can say in a very real sense we had no idea what we were getting ourselves into. To be ordained is to spend time on the mountaintop…and…back stage. Ordination is a path through the best and worst of the Church.

But in the words of the gospel song, “I wouldn’t take nothing for my journey now.” And I pray that those who were ordained yesterday will say the same some day.

[1] In an earlier service, others were Licensed and Commissioned for various ministries in the denomination.

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In-Sight: Mystic-Prophets

Last month I said we are living in a Micah moment, and using Micah 6:8, I explored the kind of life that God calls for in such a time.  But embedded in all this is the question,“What kind of person is “required” (Micah’s word) for justice, kindness, and humility to be expressed?” This post is a response to the question. The life required is that of the mystic-prophet.

I first saw the term in Matthew Fox’s writing.  It was his way of saying, “We need to reunite contemplation and action and mysticism and prophesy.” [1] I have since found the same sentiment in others [2], and I agree that one of the great needs of our day is to raise up a generation of mystic-prophets. I write this month to describe the life that emerges when we commit ourselves to being mystic-prophets. I will do this by looking at each dimension, and then by bringing them back together into their organic union.

Mystic….To be honest, I shied away from this word longer than I should have. It was a word (I now realize) that others caricatured and by doing so, made it unattractive—a word that I mistakenly took to mean a person who was so heavenly-minded they were of no earthy good.  In so many words, I was told, “You do not want to be a mystic, someone who is strange and separated from life.” And of course, I did not want to be that kind of person, so I turned my attention away from the mystics  to other things.

I was shown the error of my way when I studied the devotional life of John Wesley in my PhD program at Duke University. [3] I learned how he too struggled to make sense of the mystics and had to sift the gold from the sand in them, but in doing so he came to embrace mysticism as an essential element of the Christian life. [4] In fact, he added experience to the Anglican trilateral largely because of the influence of the mystics and the formation of the contemplative tradition. [5]  Looking at the mystics through Wesley’s eyes opened my eyes to them, and his desire to embrace their experience kindled a similar flame in me. I hope this post will do the same for you, if you are among those still holding the mystics at arm’s length. When we step back and allow the Christian tradition to teach us, it shows that being a mystic in the true sense of the word is an essential characteristic. [6]

A mystic believes a direct and sustained relationship with God is possible. God is not “out there somewhere,” but rather the Holy Spirit dwells in the us (1 Corinthians 6:19) and we abide in Christ (John 15:4). This is a formative communion, one in which we discover and develop the imago dei (true self) and recognize that the true self is not selfish, but rather oriented to the love of God and others (Matthew 22: 34-40). It is in contemplation where we sense the heart of God, which is always a heart for the world.

One of my most important discoveries about mystics is their whole-life orientation. Far from being detached in some kind of spiritual La La Land, they engage the complete spirit, soul, and body humanity which St. Paul described in 1 Thessalonians 5:23. Through contemplation (spirit) they catch the vision for righteousness, peace, and joy (the Kingdom of God). Through meditation. (soul) they explore the vision with their power of mind and use of reason (“ask, seek, knock”). Through implementation (body) they turn theory into practice by compassion (to “the least of these”).

Mystics practice the disciplines of abstinence, especially solitude and silence. [7] They go into “the cave of the heart” to experience a knowing that is not opposed to knowledge but goes beyond it into an intuitive dimension that the Bible calls wisdom. [8] From the place of wisdom they discern what really matters and give themselves to it through ongoing study practical application. 

The life which flows from this Center is summarized in the fruit of the Spirit (Galatians 5:22-23), life dimensions which shape our inner character and outer conduct. Mystics have “eyes that see and ears that hear” (Mark 8:18), and this attentiveness ignites the flame of love which is returned to God in worship and to others in service. The social consciousness they find in contemplation becomes their motivation for social action. [9]

Jesus personified the mystic-prophet combination. He announced it in his inaugural sermon in Nazareth (Luke 4:1-19). When he said “the Spirit of the Lord is upon me,” he was referring to his Spirit-to-spirit contemplation. When he then said the Spirit “has sent me,” he was declaring the prophetic dimension. He then spent the remainder of his life enacting the vision by declaring that the kingdom of God is the Reality, not the kingdoms of the world.

What I have learned from those whom I mentioned below in footnote #2 is that consciousness (being a mystic) must precede activism (being a prophet), just as a tree must be rooted before it can bear fruit. But just as a rooted tree exists to bear fruit, so too does being a mystic mean that we will be prophets. 

Prophet….William Hocking says, that “the prophet is the mystic in action.” [10]  Hocking’s words provide the bridge from contemplation to action. The move is a natural one, just as exhaling is the obvious effect of inhaling. In fact, the connection between being a mystic and a prophet is so natural there is no awkward movement from one to the other.  Being a mystic-prophet is the heartbeat of the spiritual life. Walter Brueggemann has summarized the three dimensions of being prophets. [11]

First, prophets call up reality, the reality which has been lost or obscured by illusion or imperialism. Prophets are the ultimate truth tellers, but not truth solely as a concept or as a regulation. Rather, they declare there has been a moral-ethical violation of the will of God. At the heart of their concern is that the two great commandments (Deuteronomy 6:4 and Leviticus 19:18) have been broken, and people are suffering as a result. Prophets come on the scene to say, “Enough is enough!”

Then secondly, prophets call for repentance.  The word means more than repenting of a sin.  The word means regaining a lost outlook on life by having a “large mind” (metanoia) about things. Sin is selfishness, which is a form of small mindedness (i.e. “It’s all about me”) that must be changed if the will of God is to be restored. Prophets hope to induce godly sorrow, to be sure. But in calling for repentance, they are demanding that the old comes to an end. The new will come when people live for good. Prophets demand renewal.

Finally, prophets call forth restoration. They point to hope.Truth telling unto repentance is the message because the final word is that God is ready and willing to heal the land and breathe new life back into the people. God’s justice rolls down like water and righteousness flows like a stream (Amos 5:24). The prophetic message ends with the declaration, “You can count on God to revive you again.”  Death is defeated by life.  Darkness is overcome with light.

The Synthesis….I have already noted the natural union between mysticism an prophecy.  But what is the nature of the union?  In a word, it is love. For the purpose of this blog, we can use the two great commandments to illustrate the synthesis.

Loving God with all our heart, soul, mind, and strength is an expression of the mysticism.  Each of the dimensions is internal and inherent. We “inhale” the Spirit of God through worship (personal and communal), and we are nurtured in all four aspects of life. Henri Scougal called this “ the life of God in the human soul.” [12]

From this inner life we love our neighbors as ourselves. We “exhale” our commitment to Christ through service which is marked by compassion and nonviolence, two of the characteristics of the life of Jesus (e.g. Matthew 9:36 and 1Peter 2:23).  

Benedict of Nursia established his Rule and Order on the foundation of this synthesis: ora et labora—prayer and work—contemplation and action. [13] Betnard of Clairvaux used the metaphor of the reservoir to teach the same thing.  The reservoir is designed to first be filled, and then to overflow. [14] Jesus described the synthesis when he said, “Freely you have received, freely give” (Matthew 10:8).

As I bring this post to an end, I would call your attention once again to footnote #2. These people are mystic-prophets, and they are only a small sampling of the great cloud of witnesses whose lives have been shaped by the union of contemplation and action. If we want to be instruments of God’s peace as we live in this new Micah moment, we will order our lives in ways which form us into mystic-prophets. 


[1] Matthew Fox’s Daily Meditations, 8/8/2020.

[2] The mystic-prophet (contemplative-activist) dynamic is found in the writing and ministry of Thomas Merton, Dorothy Day, Oscar Romero, Howard Thurman, Gustavo Gutierrez,  James Lawson, Richard Rohr, Martin Luther King Jr., Walter Brueggemann, Henri Nouwen, Richard Foster, Wilda Gaffney, Steven Charleston, Jonathan Wilson-Hartgrove, William Barber II, Liz Theoharis, Mirabai Starr, Barbara Holmes, Andrew Harvey, and John Dear—to name a few.  

[3] My dissertation is entitled, ”The Devotional Life of John Wesley: 1703-38’ (Duke University 1981). It included my first scholarly study of the mystics, a study which made the idea come alive for me and in me.

[4] Robert G. Tuttle, Jr., ‘Mysticism in the Wesleyan Tradition (Zondervan, 1989).

[5] Richard Foster provides an excellent overview of the Contemplative tradition in his book, ‘Streams of Living Water’ (HarperOne, 1998).

[6] Evelyn Underhill has played a central role in helping me recover the mystical dimension.  Her book, ‘Mysticism’ (1910) is a classic exploration of mysticism. It remains available in multiple formats. She wrote other books on the subject as well.

[7] In his book, ‘The Spirit of the Disciplines’ (HarperCollins,1988) Dallas Willard organized the disciplines to show how they help us to form the pattern of the Christian life: abstinence and engagement.

[8] Cynthia Bourgeault, ‘The Wisdom Way of Knowing’ (Josey-Bass, 2003) provides an excellent introduction to the wisdom tradition, with an application of the tradition to today.  Her book, ‘The Wisdom Jesus’ (Shambala, 2008) shows how Jesus was a Wisdom teacher.

[9] John Philip Newell, ‘The Rebirthing of God’ (Skylight Paths, 2015) draws from the Celtic tradition, devoting several chapters to showing how the Wisdom tradition inspires social justice, nonviolent living, compassion, earth care, etc.

[10] Quoted in Matthew Fox’s article, “Moral Issues and Ethics, ” in Progressing  Spirit, September 27, 2018.

[11] Walter Brueggemann, ‘Reality, Grief, and Hope: Three Urgent Prophetic Tasks (Eerdmans, 2014). I wrote about this in a series of Oboedire meditations entitled, “The Prophetic Task” from 10/16/2017 to 1/15/2018. You can find it in the “Categories” list on the Oboedire home page.

[12] Henry Scougal, ‘ The Life of God in the Soul of Man,’ (1677).  This devotional classic remains available from a variety of publishers in multiple formats.

[13] ‘The Rule of Saint Benedict’ (c. 516 a.d.)  established the monastic pattern which is still followed today.  The Rule is available in many formats.  I wrote an Oboedire series about it entitled, “Benedict’s Rule” from 1/7/2011 to 3/22/2013.  It is available in the “Categories” list on the Oboedire home page.

[14] Bernard of Clairvaux, ‘The Song of Songs’ (1153 ?).  This classic remains available from a variety of publishers in multiple formats.

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Day One: September 2020

​Beginning today, the differentiation between my Facebook page and Oboedire site is in effect. I am grateful to those of you who have subscribed to Oboedire, and I want to create this “Day One” (first day of the month) communication as an Oboedire-family piece to update you in a general way, and to share thoughts that are currently on my mind, but which I am not developing into full-fledged posts. “Day One” will also include recommendations to other resources.

If you are also a Facebook friend of me or Jeannie, you will know that we have spent the past two weeks rescuing and befriending kittens. Jeannie has written the continuing saga on her Facebook page (Jeannie Waller Harper; they are tagged on my page as well). We have kept the first two kittens (Sweetie and Honey), and given kitten #3 (now named Hagrid) and kitten #4 (to be named) to two great families.  I am sure we will have ongoing cat stories and pics on our Facebook pages.  It’s like being parents again! 😀  Jeannie and I are calling ourselves Sarah and Abraham.

As the new Oboedire rolls out, it will be a “less is more” approach.  For now, you can expect these three things….

(1) This “Day One” Oboedire family piece.

(2) “In Sight”….the anchor series for Oboedire, the first Saturday of each month.

(3) “Along the Way”….occasional posts that comment on life in general.

The “In-Sight” for September continues making use of Micah 6:8, this time showing how it calls us to be mystic-prophets. It posts on the 5th.

On this first day of September, we find ourselves on the other side of both Democratic and Republican conventions, each one conducted in a “perfect storm” of unrest, disease, and natural disasters. In addition, it is clear that lines have been drawn and we are in for a rough ride between now and November 3rd, with “aftershocks” following that, no doubt.  

That being the case, it is essential for us to establish ourselves on “the solid rock,” clinging tightly to Christ and to the mainstays of the spiritual life. It is also crucial for us to become increasingly engaged in the “new thing” God is doing in our day. To these ends, I offer some resources….

(1) Clinging tightly to Christ….my new book, ‘Life in Christ’ (Abingdon Press) has just been released. It may be my last book.  But whether it is, or not, it is a summation of my foundational convictions, using Paul’s letter to the Galatians as the biblical text for exploring them. I have been studying Galatians the past few years, and it has become an ancient/future means for me to express my bedrock beliefs about the spiritual life.

(2) Mainstay for the spiritual life….I am looking once again at the Rule of Saint Benedict.  I believe it offers us a place to stand as we live in the “perfect storm” of these days. I wrote an extended series here on Oboedire (“Benedict’s Rule”), and you can find it in the Categories list on the Oboedire home page. I hope you will find it helpful, either as a first-time read, or as a reprise. This time around, I am looking at the Rule through the insights of Joan Chittister’s book, ‘Wisdom Distilled from the Daily: Living the Rule of Benedict Today.’

(3) God’s “new thing”….David Gushee’s book, ‘After Evangelicalism’ (Eerdmans) has just been released. It is an informative and encouraging read, and I think it will soon be a guide to move us ahead in a much-needed revival in the church and society. We are in a God-initiated new awakening, and we need good guides to help us navigate the passage. David Gushee is one such person to pay attention to and to follow.

Well, I hope you have found this first Oboedire-family post to be helpful.  Again, thank you for being on the journey with me.  And if you know others whom you think would be interested, please let them know about Oboedire.  The only way it grows is by word of mouth.

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In-Sight: Living in a Micah Moment

The Book of Micah has become one of my go-to resources for getting perspective about the time in which we are living. Micah looked at Israel and Judah and said in effect, “We are in deep trouble.” It is easy to look at life today and draw a similar conclusion. Matthew Fox (a Micah-like prophet today) describes our situation succinctly,

“As we stand back and look critically at what is transpiring on this planet today—and in the U.S.—we can see that climate change, coronavirus, hundreds of years of racist history and genocide toward indigenous peoples, the rise of extreme nationalist movements, and the role that bad religion, reptilian-brain-driven patriarchy, and cannibal capitalism have played in so much loss and destruction and present-day angst, we can recognize that the human race is in deep trouble.” [1]

We are living in a time akin to the one Micah lived in 2700 years ago. It’s not the first time his words have spoken directly to people since he wrote his book. History goes through cycles Our time is one in which Micah’s message is needed. We are living in a period of history when the question, “How then shall we live?” is on our minds with acute relevance. Micah provides us with a broad-stroke answer. He does it by showing us what kind of moment we are in, and by offering guidance in how we should live in it.

First, what is a Micah moment?  In the first five chapters, he describes it in several ways.

In chapter one, Micah names the fundamental problem, and repeats it as the book continues.  It is a moment of national crisis in need of a moral restoration. In other words, it is a time when a nation is experiencing root rot, and in doing so bears the bitter fruit of unrighteousness. Like every crisis, Micah reveals in the first five chapters that it is a time fraught with danger, but not bereft of opportunity.

In chapters two and three, Micah exposes the root issue: leaders have defaulted on their assignment and perverted God’s will, reversing what God intended. They “hate the good and love the evil” (3:2). Leadership failure is doing great harm to the people, and Micah uses stark metaphors to describe the damage. The corruption of  leaders, and their collusion with false prophets (see chapter two) is as dire as tearing the skin off the people, eating their flesh, breaking their bones, and chopping them up like meat to be cooked in a kettle (3:2-3).  Meanwhile these leaders reign with bravado and live in luxury, and the false prophets who are in the leaders’ pockets cover over the truth so that the people are led astray (3:5)—that is, deceived.  Injustice (inequality) and falsehood (lies) dominate and shape the nation’s narrative.

But something else is happening in a Micah moment. There is an awakening among the people.  There is a stirring in the national consciousness. There is a movement mounting. Micah points to it in chapters four and five. It is small (a remnant), but genuine—a people’s campaign emerging out of the cries of their oppression and expressed in their shouts, “Enough is enough!”

Sociologists call it a tipping point. It is a pivot away from passivity. It aims to  topple the status quo (“the kingdoms of this world”) and restore righteousness (”the kingdom of God”).  A tipping point is usually something people do not see coming, something unexpected that throws a wrench into the imperialist works. A tipping point includes a period of hesitancy (i.e. “Is this something I should get involved in?“), but as it becomes increasingly evident that the status quo has become a sacred cow no longer worthy of honor or support, more and more people find the courage to join the movement.

We are living in just such a moment—a Micah moment—when a leadership failure glossed over by false prophets has brought us to an “enough is enough” moment which ignites passion and invites participation. It is a Micah moment in that people are awakening from their sleep, recognizing they have been deceived, and taking actions that overcome evil with good.

And it is when we recognize this moment for what it is that Micah helps us answer a second question: What do we do?

Micah put it this way, “What does the Lord require of you?” (6:8). The “you” is the people, not the corrupt leaders and the false prophets. They have had their chance, and they blew it. They muffed their mission. The “enough is enough” moment is one in which God bypasses the potentates and turns to the people. A Micah moment is a movement—a peoples’ movement. It is a resistance movement characterized by three verbs and three qualities.


The Verbs: do, love, and walk.  A Micah moment is a time for action. This does not mean words are unnecessary; it means the words are enacted—words on the move.  Each verb carries an implicit meaning. 

“Do” is a word of advocacy. We voice our values, we support the oppressed, we stand up for what we believe.  This is what Eugene Peterson called “lived theology” and Dietrich Bonhoeffer defined as “the cost of discipleship.”

“Love” is a word of devotion—to God and to others. It the devotion that strengthens our resolve to obey God rather than people—an obedience Micah described in chapter four of his book, the obedience Jesus named as the two great commandments (Matthew 22:34-40).

“Walk” is a word of endurance. The reform that is needed is not accomplished quickly or easily.  It is achieved little-by-little, step-by-step. Sometimes it loses ground, but rather than giving into despair, we heed the Spirit who simply says, “Keep walking.” As we do so, we learn the lesson of history: achievements are won by those who do not give up. One of God’s repeated exhortations in history is, “Don’t stop!”

The qualities: justice, kindness, humility.  A Micah moment is characterized by nonviolent resistance. On two occasions, Micah described the crisis as one of violence (2:2, 6:12). The cure must issue forth through nonviolence. All three qualities are carried in the container of peace-making, what Jesus later re-emphasized in the Beatitudes (Matthew 5:9).

“Justice” is the movement of fairness, equality, and inclusion. We call it the common good. It issues forth through our justice system, to be sure, but justice in and of itself is not a legal term, it is a leveling endeavor, where hierarchies are removed and entitlements are ended.

“Kindness” is the movement of gentleness, generosity, and care-giving. We call it compassion. It issues forth through empathy and solidarity. It is relating to people and things in ways that honor their sacred worth and enable their ability to thrive.

“Humility” is the movement of renunciation, servanthood and teachability. We call it consecration. It issues forth through self-surrender (Matthew 5:3). It is the offering of ourselves to God as living sacrifices (Romans 12:1) and asking God to make us instruments of God’s peace (the prayer of Saint Francis).

All this comes together for us in Frank Laubach ‘s morning prayer, “Lord, what are you doing in the world today that I can help you with?” [2] It is the prayer which engages in a Micah moment without being overwhelmed by the enormity of it. It is a recognition that we each have something we can do, and it is an indication of our willingness to do it. We cannot do everything, but we can do something. Living in a Micah moment is becoming a co-creator God, contributing our effort to the larger work God is bringing to pass.


[1] Matthew Fox’s Daily Meditations, 7/18/2020.

[2] I did not get this from a book that I can reference.  Dr. Thomas Carruth, who knew Laubach, told me this was a question he asked in his morning prayer, a question that led him into listening and then into acting.  In this way, Laubach was praying in the classical pattern of contemplation/action.  John Dear’s book, ‘Living Peace’ (2001) commends the same pattern in relation to nonviolent resistance.

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In-Sight: Spiritual Life in a Pandemic

Honestly, this is a post I hoped I would not have to write. But we remain in the grip of a growing pandemic, one that now weaves together the threads of virus and violence—medicine and morality, disease and dis-ease. This combination intensifies the complexity of our situation and increases our anxiety in the midst of it. I find myself drawn back into the question, “How then shall we live?”

Of course, there are a variety of vantage points from which to respond to the question. At the end of this piece, I offer two additional  resources for  responding to the question. In this blog I offer you my response. I have found instruction and inspiration from remembering and reconnecting with my identity as a disciple of Jesus Christ. The two salient features of the word “disciple” are learner and follower. These two qualities of my spiritual life are helping me live in the midst of the pandemic.

First, I am a learner.

This is true in terms of both the virus and the violence. I am not a doctor, and I am not among those who are being oppressed. Whatever else being a disciple means, right now it means committing to the spiritual discipline of deep listening. And for me, having lived every day of my life in the bubble of white privilege… and… functioning for decades in the preaching/teaching mode, the necessity for deep listening is a spiritual discipline. That is, it is a going against the grain of my entitled status and my educator role—both of which dispose me to speak (and write) more than listen. Even this blog is a departure (hopefully momentary) from the practice of deep listening.  

I have discovered in my listening that I am not unique in my need to adopt the disposition of a learner. Others are feeling it too. Last week in her ‘Sunday Paper’ Maria Shriver highlighted this need by sharing an excerpt from a note one of her friends sent her. It encapsulates our need to be learners these days,

“There is an awakening, but it is partial – not just some people and not others, but some parts of ourselves and not other parts. We’re at war within and without – between the new and the old. But I have total faith that we’re moving in the right direction. And yes, the awakening needs us. But it doesn’t need the part of us that says ‘the awakening needs us.’ It needs the humble part that longs to learn, not the arrogant part that wants to teach.”

These words gripped me because I am one, among many others, who believes we are on a path of awakening. Sadly, tragically…it is a path strewn with death and harm brought about by individual and collective inhumanity. But it is a path nevertheless. The words from Maria’s friend gripped me because they are a call to people like me (and many of you reading this) to adopt a learning disposition even as we do our best to exhibit tenacious solidarity and work for the common good. If we can have eyes to see this new day (Mark 8:18), we will recognize it is a moment pregnant with potential for disciples, for those willing to be learners.

I believe this is a particular kind of learning. It is the kind of learning Jesus invited his first followers to engage in–the learning which comes when we are willing to see old things in new ways. Six times in the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus said, “You have heard….but I say.” The learning to which we are called is one that comes from looking at life in a new way. This is the root meaning of ” repent”–metanoia, having an enlarged mind, an expanded view.  

This kind of learning occurs when we refuse to make the status quo a sacred cow. It is the learning that happens when we listen to the voices of those previously ignored or silenced by prejudice and subjugation. It is the learning that takes place as we pay attention to the mystic/prophets, who in their own ways are telling us that God is doing a new thing. It is the learning which happens only when we are willing to take risks, form new relationships, and be labeled “defectors” by those who place a greater value on preserving the past than seeing how the past is evolving into the future as it passes through the refining fire of the present.

Spiritual life in the pandemic is adopting the disposition of a learner. Henri Nouwen called it “paying attention” and went on to say that attentiveness is the essence of the spiritual life.

 And second, I am a follower.

The mindset of a learner becomes the movement of a follower. Christ is on the move, and I am to follow him in both my countenance and my conduct. This too can be described in more than one way. In this blog, I use the template given to us in the trilogy of faith, hope, and love.

Faith….Spiritual life in a pandemic means trusting God in two ways simultaneously: for eternity (the long haul) and in time (the short run).

With respect to eternity it means we trust that the plan of God is moving forward despite the pandemic. That plan is described by Paul, “This is what God planned for the climax of all times: to bring together in Christ, the things in heaven along with the things on earth” (Ephesians 1:10). Put into the words of poetry, faith in the eternal outworking of God means believing that “though the wrong seems oft so strong, God is the ruler yet.” [1]. Because it is God’s plan (that is, flowing from God’s heart and accomplishing God’s will), we can sum up the eternal nature of it in two words: love wins.

With respect to time, faith means trusting that God works in history. God is with us, and nothing can separate us from God’s love (Romans 8:38). Faith in time means believing that God works in history for our good, through the wisdom and guidance of those who know the most about the viral pandemic—the medical community. Spiritual life in the viral pandemic means listening to the doctors and following their advice, not following the politicians and some pastors who would have us disregard the wisdom of science. “Have faith” is not a substitute for having common sense.  Spiritual life in time of disease means being smart.

Faith in time means listening to the wisdom and guidance of those who know the most about the violence pandemic–the nonviolent community. Spiritual life in the violence pandemic means listening to peacemakers and following their advice, not following those who commend the use of “brute force” as the way to restore order.  Spiritual life in a time of dis-ease means being calm.

Hope….Spiritual life in the pandemic means remaining confident that “this too shall pass.” We will get through this. [1]  Confidence is the interior infrastructure that enables us to endure. It is what Jesus called “the good foundation”—the strength to weather the storm. Confidence says, “Nevertheless,” and says it over and over. Spiritual life as hope is the inhaling of the Spirit, the Strengthener, who makes real Jesus’ promise, “I am with you always.”

From that sacred center, hope gives rise to our willingness to do what we can to respect others (e.g. wearing masks and resisting brutality) and to be helpful. Hope is offering ourselves to God as instruments of God’s peace in the process of moving into the new normal. It is what Henri Nouwen called “active waiting.” It is the phrase from the children’s song that says, “everybody do your share.”

Love….Spiritual life in a pandemic means being rooted and grounded in love, which I take to be summarized in the two great commandments and the fruit of the Spirit. Living within these things, we apply them in two directions.

First we love ourselves. This is not selfishness, it’s survival. It means exercising self-care with respect to such things as reasonable precautions, conscientious hygiene, a good diet, and ample sleep. Frederick Buechner offers wise counsel about this, “Pay mind to your own life, your own health, and wholeness….Take care of yourself so you can take care of others. A bleeding heart is of no help to anyone if it bleeds to death.” [2] From that strength, we love others. This is what I meant above in the second dimension of hope, but there I was referring to willingness; here I am referring to motive. Love is the motive which ignites the driving force. Spiritual life in a pandemic is the life of love, turned inward and thrust outward. It is the life created by the union of contemplation and action.

Jesus said he came to give us abundant life (John 10:10). In a time of pandemic, we must “ask, seek, and knock” for it with determination, and we must recognize that it will fluctuate as we face new challenges and experience fatigue as we do so. But at the same time, abundant life is not an elusive butterfly. We can net it through the exercise of faith, hope, and love.

Taken together, learning and following provide a means to gain the perspective and to enact the words of the prophet, “to do justice, love kindness, and walk humbly with God” (Micah 6:8).  Spiritual life in a pandemic means being a disciple.


Two Additional Resources

     Walter Brueggemann, ‘ Virus as a Summons to Faith’ (Cascade Books, 2020)

.    N.T. Wright, ‘God and the Pandemic’ (Zondervan, 2020)

   

[1] From the hymn, “This is My Father’s World.”

[2] Paul Chilcote and I had recognized the need for a resurgence of hope, before the viral pandemic ever came on the scene. We decided to co-author a book about the recovery of hope. We had no idea it would come out at the very time the virus was raging. We wrote an Addendum to the original text that connected hope to the viral pandemic, even though the book is about finding hope whenever we need it. It’s entitled, ‘Living Hope: An Inclusive Vision of the Future.’

[3] Frederick Buechner, ‘Telling Secrets’ (HarperSanFrancisco, 1991), 27-28.

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The “New” Oboedire

I want to thank those of you who took the time to offer suggestions about what Oboedire might become.  Whatever that means, I want it to be something you look forward to reading when a new installment hits your inbox.

I see the emergence of a “new” Oboedire as a conversation with those of you who have subscribed and/or those of you who visit the site regularly.  Here’s are the suggestions that were sent…

(1) Maintain the spiritual formation purpose.

(2) Write as an elder; that’s who you are, and we need words from older adults.

(2) Continue the monthly “In-Sight” series.

(3) Highlight the new voices that are on the scene to guide us these days.

(4) Continue to provide bibliographic references and reading lists.

(5) Have a “Q&A” series, so we can ask specific questions.

(6) Maintain your prophetic writing. These are days which call for it.

Another suggestion is one I will mention separately because it would mean a new media for Oboedire: Zoom conferences and podcasts.  I must say that I am not inclined to do this, but I recognize that media is moving in this direction.  So, I keep the idea on the table.

Thanks again for sending your ideas.  If you want to send me additional ones, or comment on any of these, send me an email at oboediresite@gmail.com

Blessings!  Steve

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Past, Present, and Future

It is difficult for me to realize it has been ten years since I began Oboedire. A tenth anniversary is an especially good time to thank you for taking the time to read my posts. Some of you have done that from the beginning, while others of you have connected with Oboedire recently. No matter, I am grateful that you are on the journey, and I pray that what I write is helpful to you.

A tenth anniversary is also a time to discern the future of Oboedire. I am a bonafide “old guy,” and there is a new generation of vibrant voices to whom we must listen and turn to for guidance. They are are leaders now, and we must learn from them and follow them.

So, I am pondering the future of Oboedire. If there is a place for it, I must write as an elder “sitting at the gate,” not playing on the field as I did for so long. I am trying to figure out what it means to write from the edge, from the bleachers, as an encourager.  Pray for me as I ponder the future of Oboedire in relation to this. And if you have thoughts you’d like to share, you can email them to me at oboediresite@gmail.com.  Whatever Oboedire becomes, I want it to be an oasis for any who read it.

As you know, “Love” has been the 2020 theme here on Oboedire. I am going to end this series today, rather than continuing it through the end of the year. I need to step away from deadline-driven writing.  I don’t have the energy for it that I once had. 

So, here is the final post in the Love series…

There’s no way to conclude a series on love, because love never ends (1 Corinthians 13:8). Whenever we speak of love, more remains unsaid. Whatever we write about love, more ink remains in the pen than came out of it. I am convinced that God’s school is The School of Love. Each day is a new course in the curriculum. Learning to love well is the aim of life. We have come from Love, and we will return to Love. Our call is to “be love” and to “do love” in our journey from birth to death. If nothing else, I hope this series has planted in your heart the certainty that you are God’s beloved child, and with that reality in place, I hope it has ignited or reignited in you the desire to be one through whom God can reveal the truth that all are God’s beloved too! 

Recent days have re-exposed us to the lack of love in our nation, showing that the absence of love provokes to say and do things that break God’s heart and thwart God’s intent for the world. We need a revival of love–one that will return us to our right mind and to the rebuilding of Beloved Community.  

____________________

Whatever form and frequency Oboedire takes in the future, it will be to serve the purpose of advancing love for all on the earth.  To that end, the journey continues.  Thanks again for being on it with me.

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In-Sight: John Wesley and Emancipation

In solidarity with the message of emancipation which Juneteenth communicates, I offer this link to John Wesley’s championing of freedom for black people in his day….

Interestingly, in the midst of renewed racial turmoil in our country, Michael J. Gerson has recently pointed to John Wesley as someone who can shed light into our darkness and offer guidance on the path toward justice. [1] Wesley’s “ Thoughts on Slavery” was a prophetic writing for the 18th century, and many of his convictions are, as Gerson noted, needed and applicable in our time. In this post, I focus on only one.

By writing on the subject of slavery, and further championing its ending by supporting abolitionists like William Wilberforce [2], Wesley bore witness to the Christian conviction that conscience takes precedence over government. Wesley was a Tory,  and he held a high view of the monarchy—but not one of absolute allegiance. [3] The crown was not (and never is ) supreme—Jesus is Lord. Wesley declared that when we are forced, by bent of circumstance, to choose between the two, we choose Christ. [4] 

In taking this position, Wesley stood against the notion of the divine right of kings as an absolute value, and he opposed those who had fashioned monarchs as little messiahs. He was roundly rebuked for his anti-slavery stance, and Methodists were labeled as subverters of society. [5]  But he stayed the course, following the way of Jesus and the Gospel.

Wesley stood in the line of philosophers such as Aristotle and theologians such as Aquinas, who championed the common good based upon the belief in human dignity and equality rooted in the fact that all people are made in the image of God.  We are one human family, and even though Cain denied it, we are the caregivers of one another.  Indeed, as Paul wrote, when one person suffers, all suffer.  

Wesley bore witness to this conviction, urging that unjust laws must not be obeyed,  and related practices must be rejected. Slavery, Wesley wrote, was the vilest expression of injustice in his day. The laws which legalized it had to be overturned, and the practices of the slave trade had to be overthrown. Just as Jesus overturned the tables of those who had made the Temple a den of thieves, Wesley called on fellow Methodists, other Christians, and all people of good will to overturn the tables of those who made England (and elsewhere) a harbinger of the evil of racism.

Today, we celebrate Juneteenth as the reminder that emancipation is the message–the message still needed in our day. Emancipation is the aim of fundamental human decency and the goal of Christians who say through actions and words, “Christ has set us free for freedom” (Galatians 5:1). Subsequent to Wesley we find the same sentiment running into the present day through a host of abolitionist movements and spokespersons.  The Black Lives Matter movement is on point for the cause of emancipation.  It marches with other groups and leaders in the mission to overcome evil with good.  Michael Gerson is right to bring John Wesley into the picture, for if he were alive, he would be marching too.


[1] Gerson wrote his editorial on June 16th. You can find it on his facebook page or in Washington Post archives.

[2] Wesley’s last letter, written shortly before his death, was to Wilberforce encouraging him in the quest to end slavery.

[3] Here we can see the influence of the Non-Juror tradition at work in Wesley—a tradition that his mother, Susanna, embraced along with others who were good friends of his.  Simply put, the Non-Jurors refused to pledge unquestioning and unbridled allegiance to the King, and particularly so when they believed the King was unjust.

[4] Here is the fatal flaw that renders Christian Nationalism un-Christian.  It reinterprets the Christian message to make it appear to bless and support “the country do or die.”  Portraying Jesus as a patriot, Christian nationalists create a false gospel.

[5] The PBS Masterpiece series “Poldark” showed how Methodists in 18th century England were caricatured as enthusiasts and threats to the status quo.

 



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Love: Ilia Delio

​I have chosen to include Ilia Delio in this series in order to point to those who are seeking to lead us into fresh discoveries of God, and are doing so using a theology of love.  Sr. Ilia’s core conviction is that Love is at the center of the universe, and that understanding and experiencing God as love are essential if we are to thrive and survive. [1]

Like a growing number of people today, Sr. Ilia believes some of our concepts of God (e.g. a distant machineist) and certain containers for God (e.g. a lot of institutional religion) are “tired” instruments that have served their time, but are failing to do so today.  But she is also one who does not believe that overthrowing the past is the way to go; instead, she chooses to live and work “on the edge of the inside” transforming the past into a dynamic future.  And for her, that means the returning of Love to the core of existence–thst is, to the center of our belirfs and behaviors.  Her vision includes the following things.

First, the words “God is love” are the means for understanding everything else and the lens through which to look in order to see things aright. Far from being an isolated biblical verse, the words are the organizing revelation of Scripture.  And much more than a phrase in a sea of mantras, “God is love” is the root of all the rest.  Love is Being . [2]

That being so, her second overarching conviction is that we experience Love and express it through nondual, integrative, and unitive thinking and living.  The era of divisions (which inevitably spawn hierarchies and resulting conflicts) is over, being replaced by a return to the primal sense that all is one—what Paul meant when he wrote, “Christ is all and in all” (Colossians 3:11).  This is the nonduality of Genesis 1:1 (”heavens and the earth”)  John 1:3 ( “all things were made by him”), and Acts 17:26 (”in him we live, and move, and have our being”).  Individuality and specificity exist, but they live (and contribute to life) only in a universal relationship characterized by Love. [3]

Third, Sr. Ilia has accepted a call to bring religion and science back into a symbiotic relationship, in which they are meant to be.  Her means for doing this is by using the thought of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin.  This includes a substantive presentation of his views (as her writings and videos reveal), but also a presentation which ignites the fire of love, which revives the mystical way where Love is expressed for the common good. [4]. Here again she joins a host of others in the reuniting of spirituality and science. [5]

It boils down to the simple fact that we live or die (individually and collectively) in relation to Love.


[1] I hope you will become familiar with Ilia Delio if you are not already.  Her ministry called The Omega Center (https://omegacenter.info) is the best way to begin.

[2] Sr. Ilia writes about this in an essay entitled, “Being as Love” in the “Ask Ilia” series, 3/19/19.  Available in the Resources section on the Omega Center website.

[3] She has an excellent testimony chapter in the book edited by Andrew Davis and Philip Clayton, ‘How I Found God in Everyone and Everywhere (Monkfish Books, 2018), chapter 3.

[4] In the Christian tradition, this is called sapiential theology.  It essentially means that beliefs are genuine only the extent they are enacted.

[5] A good primer on this  union is, ‘On the Mystery of Being: Insights on the Convergence of Science and Spirituality,’ (Reveal Press, 2019).  Chapters from multiple authors.

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Love: Oscar Romero

I turn to Oscar Romero as another witness to love because the more I have read him, the more I see love at the center of his life and ministry.  Indeed, one author described him as the voice of love in a time and place where love’s voice was sorely diminished by hatred and violence.[1] Romero had the strength to love we saw last week in the post about Martin Luther King Jr.  It was a strength we can see in a number of ways.

First, Romero’s love was a sign of his love for God.  Unlike the revolutionaries who stood outside the system in an attempt to overthrow it, he was a subversive who located himself “at the edge of the inside” (Richard Rohr’s term for resistance) of the political and ecclesial systems which colluded to harm people.  Romero sought to reform the society and church because he loved it, not because he was done with it.  True reform always arises from love.

Second, Romero’s love was an advocacy for those who were unloved by the state and church.  It was a love which stood in solidarity with the poor and oppressed—a reflection of the Bible’s call to do so.  In this sense, Romero was a good shepherd to the sheep and a genuine prophet to the imperialists.  He was the mystic/prophet that Matthew Fox sees as a true Christian.

Third, Romero’s love was a sign of hope to those who were tempted to give into hopelessness.  He saw his preaching as a primary means for doing this, writing that “You all know what language I use for preaching. It is a language that wants to plant seeds of hope; yes, it denounces earthly injustices, abuses of power, but not with hatred, rather with love, calling for conversion.” [2]  Love and hope were never separated.

Finally, Romero’s love was sacrificial.  He was assassinated for loving, but he did not live with a martyr’s mentality, but only that of a messenger—the Spirit that was upon Jesus to announce a radical inbreaking of the Kingdom of God (Luke 4:18-19) was upon him.  The risks he took were part of his responsibility.  He lived and worked as a servant, not a victim.

In these ways, and more, Oscar Romero bore witness to love as the evidence of courage and the inspiration for change.  

[1] James  Brockman, ‘Romero: A Life’ (Orbis Books, 2005).

[2] Irene Hodgson, translator, ’Through the Year With Oscar Romero,’ (St Anthony Messenger Press, 2005) , 20.

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In-Sight: Overwhelmed

One of the greatest dangers in life is to feel overwhelmed. Many of us have felt that way during the pandemic. But even before it, we found it easy to feel overwhelmed in a world of enormous challenges, and in a time that includes a never-ending spate of negativity and toxicity, much of which goes against the grain of our deepest values and too often promotes the destruction of life and an erosion of what it means to be human.

If we have an ounce of compassion in our being, we are naturally drawn into the effort to resist evil and promote good, seeking to be “instruments of peace” in situations that are bereft of it. Each of us does this through various means and in differing degrees. But none of us can do it relentlessly or indefinitely. If we try to be “all in all the time,” burnout and bitterness are inevitable. Fatigue (physical, mental, emotional, spiritual) emerges, spiraling downward into frustration which eventually turns into a sense of futility. It is what St. Paul called “growing weary in welldoing” (Galatians 6:9).

This descent into darkness is so strong that we must exercise willful resistance to it. We must cultivate our spiritual life in relation to the pattern of engagement/abstinence. [1]. It is the pattern we first see in creation, where God worked but also rested. It is the pattern we see in Jesus (Luke 5:15-26), in his formation of disciples (Mark 6:31), and thereafter across the centuries through the witness of the saints. [2]

We must cultivate the pattern of stepping away, even from good things. It is possible to drown in clean water as much as it is in dirty water. It is not the quality of the water, but its being over our heads that does us in. The disciplines that enable us to survive what someone has called, “the feverish round of unceasing activity” are sabbath keeping, solitude, silence, meditation and simplicity.

The overarching word for it is ‘fasting.’ But as Richard Foster has taught, it is fasting from more than food. Today, I believe that the essential non-food fast is from our devices–from the tumultous onslaught of social media. It not only never stops, it also is designed to keep us stirred up and reactive. It upsets us. This is not healthy, and over the long haul it is deformative. At the extreme, it is an addiction as hard to break as any other. We must fast from the media.

But there are other things we need to fast from; in fact, there are many–too many to name. We find them in our lives wherever we feel “consumed” by something. Fasting in this sense is stepping back from anything that has us in its grip. Most of the time, we can identify these things and exercise our wills to be free of them. At other times, we need spiritual direction to see them and deal with them. And on some occasions, we need professional counseling to overcome the things which are overwhelming us. Any means to freedom is a means of grace.

But any practice of the discipline of abstinence must be in the context of the larger pattern of engagement/abstinence, so that our actions are rooted in and are expressions of the natural rhythm of our life. In spiritual formation there is a deeper question than, “What are you doing?” It is the question. ” How are you intending to live?”
We are helped by good actions in a given moment, but we are shaped by the intentions we establish underneath them. The engagement/abstinence pattern is a formative intention. It is the sacred rhythm of life that prevents us from becoming overwhelmed.

[1] I first saw this pattern in Dallas Willard’s book, ‘The Spirit of the Disciplines,’ in which he organized the spiritual disciplines to show how they establish the action/reflection cycle in our lives.
[2] I have observed and studied this pattern in the lives of many ancient and modern Christians, e.g. the early desert mothers and fathers, Sts. Francis and Clare, John Wesley, E. Stanley Jones, Dorothy Day, Thomas Merton, Henri Nouwen, Susan Muto, and Richard Rohr–to name a few.

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Love: Martin Luther King, Jr.

​Since it was published in 1963, Martin’s book ‘Strength to Love’ has been one of my constant companions. [1]  I read it the first time as a teenager trying to understand the insanity of the sixties and seeking to discern where I stood in those days.  I have subsequently re-read the book as a guide for living nonviolently.  Today, I refer to it as a means for learning how to love.

King used the word ‘strength’ in the title.  But what is the strength to love?  It is love—the same sentiment we saw in Julian of Norwich.  Love is the strength to love.  In fact it the only sufficient strength.  Any substitute will not fulfil our mandate to love.  Martin and those who joined with him in the civil rights movement would never have been able to do and endure if they had not first been filled with the love of God.

This is exactly the witness of Scripture: “We love because God first loved us” (1 John 4:9).  Fruit comes from the seed.  The fruit of love comes from the seed of love.  The heart guides the hand.  Intake becomes outflow.  Love is the strength to love.

With that in place, King’s book, and even more his life, showed how love proliferates in all directions, influencing every dimension of life.  Love gives us a tough mind and a tender heart.  It transforms us from conformists into nonconformists. It enables us to be good neighbors. It inspires our actions, to the deepest action—our love of our enemies.  Love is the knock at midnight which awakens our conscience and fuels our compassion.  Love is the hallmark of our humanity, helping us rise above our shattered dreams and overcome our fears.  Love inspires us to live nonviolently in utter confidence that our God is able. [2]

Those of us who lived through the sixties were inspired by King’s words and his corresponding deeds.  And many of us have discovered that the inspiration was not just for those days, but for the days of our lives ever since.  In the final analysis, it is the abiding nature of love (John 15:9) that gives us the strength to love. 

 

[1] Martin Luther King, Jr., ‘Strength to Love’ (Harper & Row, 1963).

[2] The sentences of this paragraph summarize the book’s chapters, giving us a big-picture view of King’s theology and practice of love.

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Love: Dorothy Day

​If life is love expressed, as we saw it last week in Gandhi, then we have no better example of it than in the life of Dorothy Day.  Like Gandhi, her soul force was the force of love.

Dorothy Day was a pipeline through whom the love of God flowed, to any people to be sure, but particularly toward those whom the world had ceased to love as it should.  For decades, she lived with and served the needs of people who were on the margins.  She did this as a response to God’s call, a call which arose from her deep existential sense of oneness with everyone.  

This sense came to her profoundly during her first time in jail.  She described her experience this way, “I was no longer myself….I was no longer a young girl, part of a radical movement seeking justice for those oppressed. I was the oppressed. I was that drug addict, screaming and tossing in her cell, beating her head against the wall. I was that shoplifter who for rebellion was sentenced to solitary.” [1]

Dorothy day incarnated love by living the second great commandment, to love her neighbors as herself—that is, recognizing her essential oneness with everyone.  This is what Buddhists mean by interbeing, and what Jesus embedded in Christianity through the second commandment.  It is the cosmic oneness that physicists call quantum entanglement—the essential oneness of all things.

In Dorothy Day we see a love which bears witness to the fact that there is only one Life, and we share it in our particular lives through life together.  This is soul-level solidarity, the radical oneness of love.

 

[1] Quoted without reference in Matthew Fox’s Daily Meditation for December 6, 2019.

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Love: Mahatma Gandhi

​This week, we look outside Christianity to see the universality of love, using the witness of Gandhi as our illustration.   He is also a good follow up to our look at Teilhard de Chardin last week, because Gandhi too saw love as the supreme law of the universe.  In his autobiography he refers to love over eighty times, describing its reality in relation to the total range of our human experiences. [1]

Using the word ‘experiments’ in the title of his book. Gandhi revealed the scientific nature of his understanding of love—that is, he was an explorer, a practitioner.  He experienced and confirmed the truth and love by living it, concluding that “nothing is impossible for pure love,”  Gandhi recognized that despite all attempts to destroy it over time, love prevails. He proved the validity of love in the laboratory of life.

Because of his belief in the supremacy and invincibility of love, nonviolent living became his chosen way of manifesting it.  He called nonviolence the “soul force which is but another name for love force.”  And with that force, he marshalled a movement where love overcame hatred through what Richard Rohr has come to call “the practice of the better.”

Through Gandhi’s witness we see the essence of love (philosophically and theologically), and we see the expression of love (practically and specifically) as the way of life.  And as with Jesus, Gandhi’s death took place in the absence of love.  But as with Jesus, his death became the starting point for a resurrection of love that encircles the world, bringing light wherever it is lived.

Gandhi’s emphasis on love as the only thing which can overcome hate, and his commitment to nonviolence as the practice of love for overcoming it have been mediated to me through John Dear.  Although I will not write a post specifically about him, I want to include him as someone to benefit from when it comes to living in love, particularly in a life of nonviolence. [2]  He is a contemporary Gandhi in our midst.


[1] Mahatma Gandhi, ‘The Story of My Experiments with Truth.’  This book is available in a multitude of formats.  All quotes in this post come from it.

[2] John Dear, ‘The Nonviolent Life’ (Pace e Bene Press, 2013).  Love runs through this book, especially in relation to the two great commandments.

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Love: Pierre Teilhard de Chardin

​Looking last week at E. Stanley Jones’ all-encompassing theology of love provides us the opportunity to see the same thing scientifically through the writing of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, who saw love as the physical structure of the universe. Love is the divine milieu. [1]  For him, love is the energy attracting all things to each other.  He saw it in atoms, gravity, orbits, photosynthesis, ecosystems, electromagnetic systems, and human relations.  Moreover, he saw the existence of the cosmos in a dynamic way–as a movement toward love, the Omega point.

Amazing and awesome as this is, it is not surprising, because we would expect there to be congruence between the Creator and the creation.  It would make no sense for God to make a world at cross purposes with the Divine nature.  God is love, and what God makes is love.

At the personal level, this means none of us can ever rightly see ourselves as anyone other than God’s beloved.  We are God made, love made.  We are made in God’s likeness.  This reality both defines who we are and motivates us to develop who we are in deeper and wider ways.  When we do so, as Teilhard would tell us, we are on the trajectory God has in mind for us all.  We are on the never-ending journey into Love.

In this view, Teilhard is in concert with the ideas of growth and maturation that we have seen in Underhill and Jones (indeed, in every other person we have highlighted), but he treats it in the context of science.  For him as a paleantologist, this meant observing how the created order is undergoing evolution–a persavive development of all things from lower to a higher order.  For him as a priest, this meant a spiritual evolution into fulness of life in Christ.  It is most clearly seen in the development of increasingly mature relationships with each other. [2]. Love daws into ever deepening and widening fellowship, community, and oneness.

For Teilhard de Chardin, love is literally and figuratively our DNA.  Love is the essence of what is most passed on from one generation to another.  It is the divine dance in the cosmos.  It is the spring in our step.

[1] Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, ‘The Divine Milieu.’He wrote the book in 1926-27, but it was banned by Roman Catholic censors, only finally to be published in English in 1960.  

[2] Louis Savary & Patricia Berne, ‘Teilhard de Chardin on Love’ (Paulist Press, 2017).

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Love: E. Stanley Jones

​I have previously identified E. Stanley Jones as the overall most major influence in my theological and spiritual life.  His influence only increased when, years ago, I discovered that he wrote an entire book on love, ‘Christian Maturity.’ [1]  Like some other of his books, this one offers a year’s worth of  daily readings, affording readers the opportunity to concentrate on love for an extended period.

Using the letter of First John, Jones connects maturity with love, noting that “we are mature as we are mature in love.” [2]  This is a view in keeping with what we noted last week in Evelyn Underhill’s theology of love.  I think they both got the idea from St. Paul, who described his maturation as a growing into love (1 Corinthians 13).

Growth in love is growth into increasing maturity because it is growing increasingly I to God, who is love (1 John 4:8, 16).  Growth in love is also the hallmark of the Spirit-filled life (Galatians 5:22), wherein we find the motivation and the means to love our neighbors as ourselves.
One of the keynotes in Jones’ theology is that love is the means for overcoming the major problems that we face in life.  Love overcomes racism, independence, impulsiveness, fear, resentment, naivete, negativism, self-seeking, pride, self-condemnation, and emptiness. [3] Love is not only the key pronciple that runs through life, it is the ultimate power that enables us to live as God intends.

It is no exaggeration to say that, for E. Stanley Jones, every achievement is due, in some way, to the presence of love, and equally fair to say that every decline is due to the absence of love.  Life rises and falls in relation to love. Love cleanses, consecrates, and conquers.  Love calls out the best in us.  We are never more the people God means for us to be than when we love. 


[1] E. Stanley Jones, ‘Christian Maturity’ (Abingdon Press 1957).

[2] Ibid., xii.

[3] Ibid., Jones writes in the book about love’s ability to overcome each of these things, leaving us to conclude (as St Paul did) that love is the means to victory in all things (1 Corinthians 13:7-8a).

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In-Sight: The Laughing Jesus

“You will laugh” (Luke 6:21) is the only time Jesus referred to laughter, but, but it is certainly not the only time he laughed.  He went to many parties, and you don’t do that without laughing a lot.  He told stories that made people laugh (e.g. the idea of a camel squeezing itself through a needle’s eye), and he likely laughed along with them as he told them. No doubt about it,  Jesus laughed. [1]

Unfortunately, most of the portraits of Jesus do not show him laughing.  But there is one depiction called “Jesus Laughing,” which friends gave to Jeannie and me in 1990.  Every day since, that portrait has hung on a wall in our several homes. We see it all the time, and some days I pause to look at it more intently.

The importance of Luke 6:21 is that Jesus put laughter into our vision of life in the Kingdom of God.  He did it in a way that brought immediate joy, and also in a way that gave inevitable hope. In fact, in 6:25, he warned people not to live so that only the present is humorous.  That kind of limited laughter may bring about weeping later.  Sometimes laughter is a sign that we have things in perspective.

Kingdom laughing not only gives us a lot to laugh about right now, but more…it assures us that even when we weep right now, sadness does not have the last word. Jesus laughing is not only about the funny things happening around us today, it is also his way of saying, “You ain’t seen nothin’ yet!”  Joy is a keynote in eternity.

Years ago, I read that Thomas Merton said “the mark of a saint is the ability to laugh.” [2]  John Wesley believed “sour godliness is the devil’s religion.”  Across the ages, the link between holiness and happiness (eudaemonism) has been noted.  When we are at our best, we know at soul-level that, indeed, there is a time for laughter (Ecclesiastes 3:4).  Jesus set the pace.  Let’s follow it.


[1] Elton Trueblood wrote a book about this, ‘The Humor of Christ’ (Harper & Row, 1975).  My longtime friend and colleague, Donald Demaray, also emphasized Jesus’ humor and the importance of it in the Christian life.  He wrote, ‘Laughter, Joy, and Healing’ (Baker Books, 1986).

[2] I have not found this exact quote in Merton’s writing, but I have found the sentiment many times.  Jim Forest tells that the first time he saw Merton, he was on the floor laughing.  The laughing Merton made a first and lasting impression on him.

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Love: Evelyn Underhill

​For the sake of time, we move from the eighteenth century (last week in the post about the Wesleys) to the twentieth century, continuing our look at love through another Anglican, Evelyn Underhill.  In her writing, we easily detect the centrality of love in Christianity’s essence and expression.

In its essence, she wrote that the spiritual life is “the willed correspondence of the little human spirit with the Infinite Spirit”—correspondence between the Holy Spirit whose nature is love and the human spirit made in God’s image. [1]  Indeed, for Underhill,  the spiritual journey corresponds to the drawing of iron filings to a magnet—natural and inevitable because of Love, akin to the sentiment of St. John, “We love because God first loved us” (1 John 4:19).

John’s declaration leads into Underhill’s belief that the core expression of the spiritual life is the showing of love.  Put first by Paul in his list of the fruit of the Spirit, she noted that “live is the budding point from which all the rest come.”  She summed everything up in one sentence, “To be unloving is to be out of touch with God.” [3]

As a Christian in the mystical tradition, Underhill clearly understood the life of love to be a journey into increasing maturity, which is essentially maturation in love.  Her classic book, ‘Mysticism’ has over 850 references to love.  Growth in love is occurring in every stage of our spiritual formation: purgation, illumination, dark night, and union. [4]

In a very compelling way. Evelyn Underhill invites us into a dynamic spirituality rooted and fruited in love.

[1] Evelyn Underhill, ‘The Spiritual Life’ (Harper & Row, n.d.), 30.

[2] Evelyn Underhill, ‘The Fruits of the Spirit’ (Morehouse-Barlow, 1981), 14.

[3] Ibid., 15. 

[4] Evelyn Underhill, ‘Mysticism’ (1911).  Her book has been republished many times, and it is still available in both traditional and ebook formats.

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